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Table 2 The association between body mass index and socio-demographic status of Ghanaian women aged 19–49

From: Double burden of malnutrition: increasing overweight and obesity and stall underweight trends among Ghanaian women

Indicator BMIa,b
Underweight Over-weight/obese
<18.5 kg/m2 >25.0kg/m2
Age (in years)   
15–24 1.0 1.0
25–34 0.89 (0.77–1.03) 3.56 (3.23.95)
35–49 0.77 (0.670.88) 2.4 (2.232.74)
Education   
Higher education 1.0 1.0
Secondary education 3.00 (1.386.53) 0.45 (0.360.56)
Primary education 3.52 (1.617.71) 0.30 (0.240.38)
No education 3.56 (1.637.77) 0.18 (0.140.23)
Parity   
1 1.0 1.0
2 or more 0.98 (0.69–1.37) 0.52 (0.450.61)
Marital status   
Never married 1.0 1.0
Currently married 0.74 (0.640.85) 1.84 (1.652.04)
Formerly married 0.90 (0.72–1.13) 2.18 (1.862.55)
Wealth index   
Richest 1.0 1.0
Richer 1.46 (1.181.81) 0.43 (0.390.49)
Middle 1.45 (1.171.80) 0.32 (0.290.36)
Poorer 1.46 (1.181.81) 0.31 (0.270.35)
Poorest 1.76 (1.402.17) 0.16 (0.140.19)
Place of residence   
Urban 1.0 1.0
Rural 1.43 (1.251.63) 0.33 (0.300.36)
Survey year   
1993 1.0 1.0
1998 0.99 (0.81–1.20) 1.34 (1.131.60)
2003 0.91 (0.77–1.10) 2.27 (1.962.62)
2008 0.89 (0.74–1.10) 2.92 (2.523.39)
Total Sample   
  1. aThe reference category is normal weigh
  2. bStatistically significant odds ratios in bold
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