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Table 1 Body mass index in relation to socio-demographic characteristics among Ghanaian women aged 19–49

From: Double burden of malnutrition: increasing overweight and obesity and stall underweight trends among Ghanaian women

Indicator BMI
Underweight Normal Over-weight Obese
<18.5 kg/m2 18.5–24.9 kg/m2 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 ≥30.0 kg/m2
Age (in years)     
15–19 316 (13.8) 1771 (77.1) 178 (7.7) 32 (1.4)
20–24 236 (8.6) 2081 (75.4) 367 (13.3) 76 (2.8)
25–29 213 (7.6) 1907 (67.7) 524 (18.6) 174 (6.2)
30–34 151 (6.7) 1403 (62.6) 474 (21.2) 213 (9.5)
35–39 130 (6.8) 1152 (59.9) 398 (20.7) 242 (12.6)
40–44 100 (7.5) 746 (55.9) 291 (21.8) 198 (14.8)
45-49 84 (8.6) 551 (56.1) 209 (21.3) 138 (14.1)
Education     
Higher education 7 (1.9) 171 (46.8) 118 (32.3) 69 (18.9)
Secondary education 459 (7.3) 3921 (62.3) 1296 (20.6) 616 (9.8)
Primary education 336 (9.4) 2439 (68.2) 570 (15.9) 230 (6.4)
No education 428 (10.4) 3076 (74.7) 456 (11.1) 159 (3.9)
Parity     
1 195 (8.5) 1616 (70.4) 352 (15.3) 133 (5.8)
2 132 (6.2) 1394 (65.2) 437 (20.4) 176 (8.2)
3 131 (7.4) 1125 (63.2) 324 (18.2) 199 (11.2)
4 122 (8.1) 928 (61.6) 285 (18.9) 172 (11.4)
5 88 (7.9) 727 (64.9) 195 (17.4) 111 (9.9)
6 73 (8.5) 581 (67.8) 148 (17.3) 55 (6.4)
7 or more children 135 (9.7) 925 (66.7) 223 (16.1) 103 (7.4)
Marital status     
Never married 359 (11.4) 2285 (72.6) 416 (13.2) 86 (2.7)
Currently married 760 (7.6) 6542 (65.8) 1768 (17.8) 869 (8.7)
Formerly married 111 (8.8) 783 (61.8) 256 (20.2) 118 (9.3)
Wealth index     
Richest 141 (4.5) 1592 (51.2) 863 (27.7) 863 (27.7)
Richer 262 (8.6) 2023 (66.4) 517 (17.0) 517 (17.0)
Middle 263 (9.2) 2037 (71.1) 410 (14.3) 410 (14.3)
Poorer 254 (9.3) 1962 (71.7) 416 (15.2) 416 (15.2)
Poorest 305 (12.1) 1949 (77.1) 220 (8.7) 220 (8.7)
Place of residence     
Urban 347 (5.8) 3458 (57.4) 1427 (23.7) 788 (13.1)
Rural 883 (10.6) 6153 (73.8) 1013 (12.2) 286 (3.4)
Survey year     
1993 202 (10.5) 1475 (76.3) 190 (9.8) 65 (3.4)
1998 225 (9.9) 1659 (73.1) 262 (11.5) 123 (5.4)
2003 439 (8.3) 3508 (65.9) 948 (17.8) 426 (8.0)
2008 364 (7.5) 2968 (61.4) 1040 (21.5) 460 (9.5)
Total Sample 1230 (8.6) 9610 (66.9) 2440 (17.0) 1074 (7.5)
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