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Table 3 Social mobility related to dwelling status and financial situation and risk of mental health conditions, 25 years and over

From: Effect of social mobility in family financial situation and housing tenure on mental health conditions among South Australian adults: results from a population health surveillance system, 2009 to 2011

SEP at age 10 Adult SEP Model 1 Adjusted age, sex Model 2 + family structure at age 10
OR (95 % CI) P value OR (95 % CI) P value
Psychological distress (K10)
Dwelling status
High High 1.00   1.00  
Low High (upward mobility) 1.33 (1.10-1.62) 0.003 1.31 (1.08-1.59) 0.006
High Low (downward mobility) 1.80 (1.45-2.23) <0.001 1.79 (1.44-2.22) <0.001
Low Low 1.94 (1.48-2.55) <0.001 1.90 (1.44-2.50) <0.001
Financial situation
High High 1.00   1.00  
Low High (upward mobility) 1.53 (1.24-1.89) <0.001 1.51 (1.22-1.87) <0.001
High Low (downward mobility) 3.69 (2.97-4.59) <0.001 3.68 (2.96-4.58) <0.001
Low Low 4.71 (3.86-5.74) <0.001 4.66 (3.81-5.69) <0.001
Self-reported diagnosed mental health condition
Dwelling status
High High 1.00   1.00  
Low High (upward mobility) 1.06 (0.92-1.24) 0.422 1.02 (0.88-1.19) 0.784
High Low (downward mobility) 1.42 (1.19-1.69) <0.001 1.40 (1.17-1.67) <0.001
Low Low 1.72 (1.38-2.15) <0.001 1.60 (1.27-2.00) <0.001
Financial situation
High High 1.00   1.00  
Low High (upward mobility) 1.04 (0.90-1.20) 0.618 1.00 (0.86-1.15) 0.951
High Low (downward mobility) 1.88 (1.59-2.23) <0.001 1.88 (1.59-2.22) <0.001
Low Low 2.31 (1.98-2.68) <0.001 2.23 (1.92-2.60) <0.001
Suicidal ideation
Dwelling status
High High 1.00   1.00  
Low High (upward mobility) 1.39 (1.08-1.79) 0.01 1.35 (1.05-1.74) 0.02
High Low (downward mobility) 1.70 (1.28-2.26) <0.001 1.69 (1.27-2.24) <0.001
Low Low 1.65 (1.14-2.39) 0.008 1.59 (1.09-2.31) 0.016
Financial situation
High High 1.00   1.00  
Low High (upward mobility) 1.33 (1.01-1.77) 0.045 1.30 (0.98-1.73) 0.069
High Low (downward mobility) 3.59 (2.72-4.75) <0.001 3.60 (2.72-4.77) <0.001
Low Low 3.64 (2.79-4.73) <0.001 3.55 (2.72-4.63) <0.001
  1. OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval