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Table 2 Univariable analyses of mental health conditions by social mobility, socio-demographic and health-related variables (n = 10429), 25 years and over

From: Effect of social mobility in family financial situation and housing tenure on mental health conditions among South Australian adults: results from a population health surveillance system, 2009 to 2011

  Psychological distress Self-reported diagnosed mental health condition Suicidal ideation
  % (95 % CI) P value % (95 % CI) P value % (95 % CI) P value
SOCIAL MOBILITY       
Dwelling status   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
High childhood and adulthood 6.6 (6.0-7.2)   13.6 (12.8-14.4)   3.5 (3.1-4.0)  
Upward mobility 8.8 (7.7-10.2)   14.2 (12.7-15.8)   4.9 (4.1-6.0)  
Downward mobility 13.6 (11.5-15.8)   20.0 (17.6-22.6)   7.1 (5.6-8.9)  
Low childhood and adulthood 15.4 (12.6-18.8)   23.7 (20.2-27.6)   7.3 (5.3-9.9)  
Financial situation   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
High childhood and adulthood 4.2 (3.6-4.8)   11.8 (10.9-12.7)   2.4 (2.0-2.9)  
Upward mobility 6.5 (5.6-7.4)   12.3 (11.1-13.5)   3.3 (2.7-4.0)  
Downward mobility 14.7 (12.8-16.9)   20.8 (18.6-23.3)   8.5 (7.0-10.2)  
Low childhood and adulthood 18.2 (16.4-20.3)   24.4 (22.3-26.6)   8.9 (7.6-10.5)  
SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES      
Sex   <0.001   <0.001   0.491
Male 6.6 (6.0-7.4)   12.5 (11.6-13.4)   4.5 (3.9-5.1)  
Female 9.5 (8.8-10.3)   17.0 (16.1-18.1)   4.2 (3.7-4.7)  
Age   0.004   <0.001   0.571
16 to 29 years 8.3 (6.7-10.3)   17.5 (15.2-20.2)   4.0 (2.9-5.4)  
30 to 49 years 8.9 (8.0-9.7)   14.9 (13.9-16.0)   4.6 (4.0-5.3)  
50 to 69 years 8.1 (7.3-9.0)   15.4 (14.2-16.6)   4.3 (3.7-5.0)  
70 years and above 5.9 (4.8-7.2)   11.5 (10.0-13.2)   3.8 (3.0-4.9)  
Educational attainment   <0.001   0.044   0.001
No schooling to secondary 9.1 (8.4-10.0)   15.6 (14.6-16.6)   4.9 (4.4-5.6)  
Trade, certificate, diploma 8.3 (7.3-9.3)   14.9 (13.6-16.2)   4.4 (3.7-5.2)  
Degree or higher 6.1 (5.3-7.1)   13.4 (12.2-14.8)   3.1 (2.5-3.8)  
Family structure, age 10   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Family with child/children living with both biological or adoptive parents 7.7 (7.2-8.3)   14.0 (13.3-14.7)   4.1 (3.7-4.5)  
A step or blended family 13.2 (9.6-17.7)   22.7 (18.1-28.1)   5.1 (3.0-8.4)  
Sole parent family 10.5 (8.5-12.9)   20.4 (17.7-23.4)   5.9 (4.4-7.8)  
Other 10.9 (6.7-17.3)   22.0 (15.8-29.7)   7.2 (3.9-12.9)  
HEALTH VARIABLES
Smoking status   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Non/ex smoker 7.0 (6.4-7.5)   13.5 (12.8-14.2)   3.7 (3.3-4.1)  
Current smoker 14.4 (12.8-16.2)   21.9 (19.9-24.0)   7.6 (6.4-9.0)  
Lifetime risk of alcohol-related harm   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Does not drink 12.1 (10.7-13.6)   19.2 (17.4-21.0)   5.8 (4.8-6.9)  
No risk 7.0 (6.3-7.7)   12.6 (11.8-13.6)   3.4 (2.9-3.9)  
Lifetime risk of harm 7.7 (6.9-8.7)   15.9 (14.7-17.2)   5.0 (4.3-5.8)  
Body mass index   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
Healthy (> = 18.5 & <25) 6.7 (5.9-7.5)   13.3 (12.3-14.5)   3.4 (2.8-4.0)  
Underweight (<18.5 12.3 (8.0-18.4)   11.7 (7.5-17.8)   5.9 (3.1-10.8)  
Overweight (> = 25 & <30) 6.2 (5.5-7.0)   12.6 (11.6-13.7)   3.9 (3.4-4.6)  
Obese (> = 30) 12.2 (10.9-13.5)   20.6 (19.0-22.2)   6.0 (5.1-7.0)  
Number of chronic conditions   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
None 5.8 (5.2-6.4)   11.2 (10.4-12.0)   3.1 (2.7-3.6)  
1 9.1 (8.1-10.2)   17.9 (16.5-19.4)   5.3 (4.5-6.1)  
2 15.4 (13.3-17.7)   22.9 (20.4-25.6)   7.1 (5.7-8.8)  
3 to 5 22.1 (17.9-27.0)   32.6 (27.7-37.9)   10.2 (7.4-14.1)  
Overall 8.1 (7.6-8.7)   14.8 (14.1-15.5)   4.3 (3.9-4.7)  
  1. % prevalence estimate; CI confidence interval