Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate Pearson correlations between all variables in the studies; women above the diagonal and men below

From: Parental academic involvement in adolescence as predictor of mental health trajectories over the life course: a prospective population-based cohort study

  SC UE MH PI HA GR 16 18 21 30 43
Parental social class (SC) 1 −0.11a −0.12b 0.28b 0.14b 0.19b 0.05 0.01 0.02 −0.00 0.01
Unemployment in family (UE) −0.04 1 0.15b −0.24b −0.04 −0.12a 0.08 0.10a 0.09 0.04 0.05
Parental mental health or alcohol problems (MH) −0.12b 0.05 1 −0.14b −0.05 −0.10a 0.08 0.09 0.06 0.06 0.10a
Parental interest in offspring’s studies (PI) according to teacher 0.21b −0.15a −0.14b 1 0.04 0.45b −0.10a 0.01 −0.05 0.03 −0.03
Help with homework assignments (HA) according to student 0.18b −0.05 −0.04 0.05 1 −0.02 −0.12a −0.04 0.01 −0.13b −0.04
Mean grade on leaving compulsory school at 16 (GR) 0.25b −0.11a −0.14b 0.42b 0.08 1 −0.14b −0.02 −0.02 −0.10a −0.07
Internalised mental symptoms at 16 (16) −0.02 0.16b 0.14b −0.10a −0.08 −0.12b 1 0.30b 0.34b 0.26b 0.17b
Internalised mental symptoms at 18 (18) 0.10a 0.06 0.03 0.04 −0.04 −0.03 0.32b 1 0.36b 0.25b 0.16b
Internalised mental symptoms at 21 (21) 0.06 0.13b −0.03 −0.08 −0.01 −0.15 0.24b 0.35b 1 0.41b 0.34b
Internalised mental symptoms at 30 (30) 0.02 0.08 −0.00 −0.04 0.01 −0.03 0.18b 0.27b 0.27b 1 0.39b
Internalised mental symptoms at 43 (43) −0.05 0/09 0.03 −0.12b −0.05 −0.13b 0.18b 0.23b 0.26b 0.39b 1
  1. Note: ap < 0.05; bp < 0.01
\