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Table 5 Factors associated with influenza vaccination uptake in people aged ≥60 years, Germany, 2013/14 influenza season

From: Why are older adults and individuals with underlying chronic diseases in Germany not vaccinated against flu? A population-based study

  Vaccination coverage %a, b Univariate OR (95 % CI)a, b Multivariable OR (95 % CI)a, c
Sex
 Female 53.4 1.43 (0.97–2.11) --
 Male 44.4 Ref.
Underlying chronic disease
 Yes 56.3 2.07 (1.39–3.09) --
 No 38.4 Ref.
Sex and chronic diseasee
 Male and no chronic disease 28.2 -- Ref.
 Male and chronic disease 54.1 2.10 (0.81–5.43)
 Female and no chronic disease 46.6 4.80 (1.72–13.43)
 Female and chronic disease 58.1 2.13 (0.73–6.19)
Place of residence
 Eastern Federal States 62.8 1.97 (1.26–3.10) NS
 Western Federal States 46.1 Ref.
Age
 60–69 years 39.4 Ref. Ref.
 70–79 years 59.2 2.23 (1.46–3.40) 2.67 (1.42–5.03)
 ≥80 years 53.5 1.77 (0.97–3.20) 1.89 (0.73–4.89)
Education level
 Low 51.9 Ref. NS
 Middle 43.5 0.71 (0.47–1.08)
 High 43.8 0.72 (0.49–1.06)
Being advised of the influenza vaccination through physician consultation in the last 6 months
 Yes 63.0 2.87 (1.89–4.37) 2.63 (1.44–4.84)
 No 37.2 Ref. Ref.
Vaccination cannot cause influenza infection
 Agreed 62.0 2.62 (1.77–3.90) NS
 Disagreed 38.4 Ref.
Vaccination protects people in close surroundings
 Agreed 54.9 1.57 (1.06–2.33) NS
 Disagreed 43.6 Ref.
After immunization or infection with influenza, vaccination in subsequent influenza season is necessary
 Agreed 52.5 1.64 (1.02–2.63) NS
 Disagreed 40.3 Ref.
Perceived probability of getting infected with influenza when not immunized 1.44 (1.28–1.61) NS
Perceived severity of influenza when not immunized 1.56 (1.41–1.71) 1.31 (1.13–1.52)
Perceived vaccination effectiveness 1.59 (1.45–1.74) 1.42 (1.24–1.62)
Perceived severity of side effects following vaccination 0.83 (0.76–0.90) NS
Perceived probability of severe side effects following vaccination 0.77 (0.70–0.85) 0.69 (0.61–0.80)
  1. Other nonsignificant variables in univariate analysis (p > 0.1) were: migration and items focusing on influenza- and vaccination-related knowledge
  2. aWeighted data; bIncluded participants with information on relevant item; cIncluded n = 550 participants with complete information on all items; NS not significant; Ref. reference category; ep-value for interaction between sex*chronic disease: 0.012