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Table 4 Factors associated with influenza vaccination uptake in people aged 18–59 years with underlying chronic diseases, Germany, 2013/14 influenza season

From: Why are older adults and individuals with underlying chronic diseases in Germany not vaccinated against flu? A population-based study

  Vaccination coverage %a, b Univariate OR (95 % CI)a, b Multivariable OR (95 % CI)a, c
Sex
 Female 27.4 1.80 (0.81–4.02) 4.07 (1.50–11.03)
 Male 17.3 Ref. Ref.
Place of residence
 Eastern Federal States 33.2 2.18 (0.92–5.17) NS
 Western Federal States 18.6 Ref.
Age
 18–39 years 18.4 NS NS
 40–59 years 24.7
Education level
 Low 24.2 NS NS
 Middle 24.6
 High 19.1
Vaccination cannot cause influenza infection
 Agreed 27.9 1.82 (0.82–4.08) NS
 Disagreed 17.5 Ref.
Coughing or sneezing inside of the elbow can reduce the risk of influenza infection
 Agreed 26.0 2.18 (0.95–4.97) NS
 Disagreed 13.9 Ref.
Perceived probability of getting infected with influenza when not immunized 1.28 (1.07–1.53) NS
Perceived severity of influenza when not immunized 1.58 (1.18–2.13) 1.40 (1.07–1.85)
Perceived vaccination effectiveness 1.39 (1.19–1.62) 1.25 (1.03–1.52)
Perceived severity of side effects following vaccination 0.75 (0.63–0.89) 0.71 (0.57–0.88)
Perceived probability of severe side effects following vaccination 0.70 (0.55–0.89) NS
  1. Other nonsignificant variables in univariate analysis (p > 0.1) were: migration, being advised of the influenza vaccine through physician consultation in the last 6 months, and items focusing on influenza- and vaccine-related knowledge
  2. aWeighted data; bIncluded participants with information on relevant item; cIncluded n = 166 participants with complete information on all items; NS not significant, Ref. reference category