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Table 4 Associations between observed socio-demographic and park visitation characteristics and physical activity

From: How active are people in metropolitan parks? An observational study of park visitation in Australia

  Sitting (n = 1168) Standing (n = 1771) Moderate (n = 1371) Vigorous (n = 446) χ2 (df) Cramer’s V p
Sex n (%)        
 Male 455 (19.7) 901 (38.9) 702 (30.3) 258 (11.1) 66.125 (3) 0.118 <0.0005
 Female 713 (29.2) 870 (35.7) 669 (27.4) 188 (7.7)    
Age group n (%)        
 Child 244 (21.9) 235 (21.1) 448 (40.3) 185 (16.6) 303.000 (9) 0.146 <0.0005
 Teen 71 (20.1) 168 (47.6) 82 (23.2) 32 (9.1)    
 Adult 621 (24.4) 1079 (42.5) 628 (24.7) 214 (8.4)    
 Senior 232 (30.9) 289 (38.6) 213 (28.4) 15 (2.0)    
Day of week n (%)        
 Weekday 189 (23.1) 314 (38.3) 267 (32.6) 49 (5.9) 18.254 (3) 0.062 <0.0005
 Weekend day 979 (24.9) 1457 (37.0) 1104 (28.0) 397 (10.1)    
Park n (%)        
 Low SES 615 (25.9) 970 (40.9) 633 (26.7) 156 (6.6) 67.707 (3) 0.119 <0.0005
 High SES 553 (23.2) 801 (33.6) 738 (30.9) 290 (12.2)    
Period of day n (%)        
 Morning 0 22 (16.1) 78 (56.9) 37 (27.0) 272.829 (9) 0.138 <0.0005
 Mid-morning 219 (17.9) 397 (32.5) 450 (36.8) 157 (12.8)    
 Midday 394 (27.3) 623 (43.1) 324 (22.4) 104 (7.2)    
 Afternoon 555 (28.4) 729 (37.4) 519 (26.6) 148 (7.6)    
  1. Chi-square tests of independence used to compare park visitor usage according to observed activity level
  2. P: bolded indicates significant associations