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Table 2 Physical mobility indicators among Brazilian older adults (PNAD - 1998, 2003 and 2008)

From: Diabetes, hypertension and mobility among Brazilian older adults: findings from the Brazilian National Household Sample Survey (1998, 2003 and 2008)

Mobility tasks/level of difficulty Year  
1998 (%) 2003 (%) 2008 (%) p-value
Running, lifting heavy objects, playing sports or doing heavy work
None 30.6 34.8 34.3 <0.001
Little 22.8 21.0 21.4  
Great 25.1 23.6 23.0  
Can not 21.5 20.6 21.2  
Pushing a table or doing a home repair
None 55.4 58.5 52.7 <0.001
Little 22.7 20.0 21.8  
Great 11.0 10.5 12.9  
Can not 11.0 11.0 12.6  
Going up a steep hill or stairs
None 40.4 45.5 45.1 <0.001
Little 25.6 22.6 23.4  
Great 21.5 19.2 18.9  
Can not 12.5 12.6 12.5  
Stooping or Kneeling
None 44.7 48.7 45.8 <0.001
Little 25.7 22.6 24.1  
Great 18.7 17.3 18.7  
Can not 11.0 11.3 11.4  
Walking about 100 m
None 74.8 77.3 72.0 <0.001
Little 12.4 10.5 14.3  
Great 4.9 4.6 5.6  
Can not 7.8 7.6 8.1  
Physical Mobility Index
No difficulty 24.6 28.0 28.5 <0.001
Moderate difficulty 38.7 37.4 35.2  
Greater difficulty 36.7 34.6 36.3  
  1. Note: p-values were derived from chi-square tests