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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors for MDR-TB in M. tuberculosis complex isolates from retreatment cases around Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia from March 2012 to April 2013 (n = 70)

From: Drug resistance patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and associated factors among retreatment cases around Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

Variables MDR-TB COR (95 % CI) p-value AOR (95 % CI) p-value
Yes No   
HIV sero-status   
Positive 10 (43.5 %) 13 (56.5 %) 2.24 (0.78, 6.43) 0.133 2.3 (0.74, 7.14) 0.151
Negative 11 (23.4 %) 36 (76.6 %) 1 1  
ART status   
Retreatment sub-categories   
Treatment failure and defaulter 16 (43.2 %) 21 (56.8 %) 3.43 (1.14, 10.28) 0.028 3.4 (1.14, 10.28) 0.028
Relapse 6 (18.2 %) 27 (81.8 %) 1 1  
Alcohol abuse   
Yes 5 (55.6 %) 4 (44.4 %) 3.24 (0.78, 13.51) 0.128** 3.4 (0.78, 15.63) 0.106
No 17 (27.9 %) 44 (72.1 %) 1 1  
History of being in prison   
Yes 6 (50 %) 6 (50 %) 2.63 (0.74, 9.34) 0.174** 1.2 (0.46, 8.36) 0.359
No 16 (27.6 %) 42 (72.4 %)   1  
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio
  2. **Fisher’s Exact Test p-value
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