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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors for RIF resistance in M. tuberculosis complex isolates from retreatment cases around Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia from March 2012 to April 2013 (n = 70)

From: Drug resistance patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and associated factors among retreatment cases around Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

Variables Rifampicin resistance COR (95 % CI) p-value AOR (95 % CI) p-value
  Yes No     
HIV sero-status
Positive 11 (47.8 %) 12 (52.2 %) 2.67 (0.937, 7.63) 0.066 2.89 (0.97, 8.64) 0.057
Negative 11 (23.4 %) 36 (76.6 %) 1   1  
Retreatment sub-categories
Treatment failure and defaulters 16 (43.2 %) 21 (56.8 %) 2.8 (0.98, 8.15) 0.054 3.04 (1.02, 9.10) 0.047
Relapse 7 (21.2 %) 26 (78.8 %) 1   1  
Alcohol abuse
Yes 5 (55.6 %) 4 (44.4 %) 2.99 (0.72, 12.42) 0.143 2.89 (0.61, 13.58) 0.180
No 18 (29.5 %) 43 (70.5 %) 1    
History of being in prison
Yes 6 (50 %) 6 (50 %) 2.41 (0.68, 5.55) 0.189** 1.8 (0.43, 7.57) 0.421
No 23 (39.7 %) 35 (60.3 %) 1   1  
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio
  2. **Fisher’s Exact Test p-value
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