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Table 1 Pattern of drug resistance in M. tuberculosis complex isolates from retreatment cases around Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia from March 2012 to April 2013 (n = 70)

From: Drug resistance patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and associated factors among retreatment cases around Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

Drug resistance patterns Frequency n (%)
Any drug resistance 41 (58.6)
INHa 36 (51.4)
RIFb 23 (32.9)
STPc 30 (42.9)
EMBd 20 (28.6)
Two drugs resistance  
INH + STP 4 (5.7)
INH + EMB 2 (2.9)
STP + EMB 1 (1.4)
Three or more drugs resistance  
INH + RIF + STP 9 (12.9)
INH + RIF + EMB 1 (1.4)
INH+ STP + EMB 2 (2.9)
INH + RIF + STP+ EMB 12 (17.1)
MDR-TBe 22 (31.4)
Poly drug resistancef 9 (12.9)
Mono drug resistanceg 10 (14.3)
  1. INHa = Isoniazid, RIFb = Rifampicin, STPc, = Streptomycin, EMBd = Ethambutol, MDRe = Multi drug resistance (resistance at least INH and RIF), Poly drugf = resistance to two and more drugs without the combination of INH and RIF, monodrugg = single drug resistance
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