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Table 4 Ordered logistic regression for factors contributing to the stages of change of the readiness to quit smoking (N = 735)

From: Stages of change of the readiness to quit smoking among a random sample of minority Arab -male smokers in Israel

  Pre-contemplation Contemplation Preparation  
N = 454 N = 175 N = 106 P-value
  Reference categories Odds Ratio (95 % CI) Odds Ratio (95 % CI)  
Education level     0.356
 Less than high school 1 1 1  
 High school   0.97 (0.56-1.67) 1.31 (0.63-2.72)  
 More than high school   0.81 (0.41-1.64) 1.98 (0.86-4.57)  
Chronic disease     0.002
 Yes 1 1 1  
 No   0.52 (0.31-0.88) 0.36 (0.20-0.67)  
Anxiety 1 0.97 (0.92-1.02) 1.07 (1.01-1.13) 0.016
Social support 1 1.35 (1.07-1.70) 1.34 (1.01-1.78) 0.017
Marital status     0.623
 Unmarried 1 1 1  
 Married   0.90 (0.48-1.67) 0.70 (0.34-1.44)  
Duration of smoking     0.025
 ≥21 years 1 1 1  
 11-21 years   1.94 (1.07-3.50) 2.48 (1.18-5.21)  
 6-10 years   1.46 (0.71-2.99) 1.35 (0.54-3.40)  
 5 years or less   0.96 (0.41-2.27) 2.93 (1.14-7.52)  
Previous attempts to quit     0.007
 Never   1 1  
 Once or twice 1 1.33 (0.81-2.20) 1.76 (0.95-3.24)  
 Three times or more   2.27 (1.26-4.01) 3.16 (1.60-6.26)  
Number of smokers at home     0.210
 Two or more 1 1 1  
 One   1.41 (0.84-2.38) 1.30 (0.67-2.53)  
 None   1.41 (0.80-2.46) 2.06 (1.05-4.04)  
Knowledge about smoking hazards 1 1.75 (1.29-2.35) 1.57 (1.10-2.21) <0.001
Positive Attitudes towards smoking prevention and cessation 1 1.44 (1.14-1.82) 1.34 (1.00-1.82) 0.004
Smokes indoors     0.309
 Yes   1 1  
 No 1 1.21 (0.76-1.94) 1.52 (0.88-2.65)  
Physician advice to quit smoking     0.016
 No 1 1 1  
 Yes   1.88 (1.19-2.97) 1.63 (0.93-2.77)