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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analysis for patient related risk factors for any drug resistance among pulmonary TB patients attending two public hospitals in East Gojjam zone, northwest Ethiopia (n = 89)

From: Prevalence and drug resistance profile of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending two public hospitals in East Gojjam zone, northwest Ethiopia

Characteristic Any drug resistance COR (95 % CI) P-value AOR (95 % CI) p-value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Sex     
Male 13 (72.2) 45 (63.4) 1.52 (0.48-4.69) 0.48   
Female 5 (27.8) 26 (36.6)     
HIV-status
HIV-positive 6 (33.3) 11 (15.5) 2.72 (0.85-8.81) 0.093 2.76 (0.72-10.54) 0.14
HIV-negative 12 (66.7) 60 (84.5)     
Age group (in years)
15-24 4 (22.2) 28 (39.4)     
25-34 10 (55.6) 15 (21.1) 4.67 (1.25-17.44) 0.022 4.24 (1.02-17.5) 0.046
35-44 3 (16.6) 17 (23.9) 1.24 (0.25-6.21) 0.79 0.99 (0.18-5.65) 0.99
≥45 1 (5.6) 11 (15.6) 0.64 (0.064-6.35) 0.71 0.59 (0.05-6.36) 0.66
Previous history of treatment
Yes 6 (33.3) 6 (8.4) 5.42 (1.49-19.64) 0.01 6.55 (1.56-27.49) 0.01
No 12 (66.7) 65 (91.6)     
Smear microscopy  
Smear-positive 12 (66.7) 46 (64.8) 1.087 (0.36-3.24) 0.88   
Smear-negative 6 (33.3) 25 (35.2)     
  1. AOR, Adjusted Odds Ratio; HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus; CI, Confidence Interval, COR, Crude Odds Ratio