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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants enrolled in the study and their association with culture outcome as analyzed by the x2 test

From: Prevalence and drug resistance profile of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending two public hospitals in East Gojjam zone, northwest Ethiopia

Characteristic Participants with positive sputum culture (n = 124), n (%) Participants with negative sputum culture (n = 261), n (%) P value*
Sex
Male 82 (66.1) 162 (62.0) 0.256
Female 42 (33.9) 99 (38.0)  
HIV status    
HIV-negative 102 (82.3) 67 (25.7) 0.093
HIV-positive 22 (17.7) 194 (74.3)  
Previous history of treatment
No 107 (86.3) 51 (19.5) 0.198
Yes 17 (13.7) 210 (80.5)  
Sputum microscopy
Smear-positive 77 (62.1) 2 (0.7) < 0.001
Smear-negative 47 (37.7) 259 (99.3)  
  1. *Comparing participants with a positive culture vs. participants with a negative culture. TB, Tuberculosis; HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus