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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 280 HCWs/HCSs reporting occupational exposures and administered HIV post-exposure prophylaxis at an urban teaching hospital in Accra, Ghana, 2005–2010

From: Adverse events and adherence to HIV post-exposure prophylaxis: a cohort study at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana

  3TC/AZT-3 days 3TC/AZT-28 days 3TC/AZT/LPV-RTV −28 days
  N = 145 N = 82 N = 53
  n, %1 n, %1 n, %1
Gender    
  Male 46 (31.7) 41 (50.0) 25 (47.2)
  Female 99 (68.3) 41 (50.0) 28 (52.8)
Age category (yrs)    
  18–30 119 (82.1) 49 (59.8) 37 (69.8)
  31–40 21 (14.5) 24 (29.3) 10 (18.9)
  41–50 3 (2.1) 5 (6.1) 5 (9.4)
  >50 2 (1.4) 4 (4.9) 1 (1.9)
Outcome of risk assessment of exposure    
  Low 125 (86.2) 29 (35.4) 5 (9.4)
  Medium 20 (13.8) 39 (47.6) 4 (7.6)
  High - 14 (17.1) 44 (83.0)
Profession    
  Medical Doctors 40 (27.6) 27 (32.9) 22 (41.5)
  Nurses 64 (44.1) 26 (31.7) 19 (35.8)
  Laboratory Staff 4 (2.8) 8 (9.8) 5 (9.4)
  Ward Attendants 13 (9.0) 13 (15.9) 4 (7.5)
  Healthcare Students 24 (16.6) 8 (9.8) 3 (5.7)
Type of exposure    
  Mucocutaneous 7 (4.8) 3 (3.7) 10 (18.9)
  Percutaneous 138 (95.2) 79 (96.3) 43 (81.1)
Year of exposure    
  2005 26 (17.9) 14 (17.1) 12 (22.6)
  2006 30 (20.7) 10 (12.2) 4 (7.5)
  2007 23 (15.9) 15 (18.3) 10 (18.9)
  2008 24 (16.6) 16 (19.5) 6 (11.3)
  2009 27 (18.6) 15 (18.3) 15 (28.3)
  2010 15 (10.3) 12 (14.6) 6 (11.3)
Means of exposure    
  Bloody cut 1 (0.7) 1 (1,2) 1 (1.9)
  Canula 4 (2.8) 2 (2.4) 16 (30.2)
  Dental instrument 1 (0.7) - -
  Needle stick 133 (91.7) 77 (93.9) 27 (50.9)
  Scalpel blade - 1 (1.2) 2 (3.8)
  Scratching 1 (0.7) - -
  Knife cut 1 (0.7) - -
  Splash 2 (1.4) 1 (1.2) 7 (12.2)
  Unknown object 2 (1.4) - -
  1. 1% are column percentages within each super row; 3TC = lamivudine; AZT = zidovudine; LPV-RTV = lopinavir-ritonavir