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Table 2 Univariable associations between adolescent characteristics and their use of support

From: What are the main sources of smoking cessation support used by adolescent smokers in England? A cross-sectional study

Characteristic n* Used any means of support Not spent time with friends Asked family or friends for help Used nicotine products
   OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value
Sex
Male 304 1.00 0.101 1.00 0.248 1.00 0.179 1.00 0.459
Female 313 1.37 (0.94-1.99) 1.23 (0.87-1.75) 1.31 (0.88-1.95) 1.19 (0.75-1.90)
School Year
Year 11 261 1.00 0.256 1.00 0.841 1.00 0.387 1.00 0.847
Year 10 192 0.70 (0.46-1.09) 0.91 (0.60-1.37) 0.71 (0.45-1.12) 0.76 (0.43-1.33)
Year 9 112 0.64 (0.38-1.08) 0.85 (0.51-1.40) 0.74 (0.41-1.32) 1.07 (0.57-2.01)
Year 8 43 1.20 (0.55-2.61) 1.06 (0.53-2.11) 0.52 (0.23-1.18) 0.79 (0.31-2.05)
Year 7 9 0.53 (0.12-2.26) 0.48 (0.11-2.16) 1.09 (0.23-5.13) 0.96 (0.19-4.98)
Amount smoked (amongst current smokers only)
Usually >6 cigarettes per week 128 1.00 <0.001 1.00 0.007 1.00 <0.001 1.00 <0.001
Usually 1-6 cigarettes per week 66 0.43 (0.21-0.91) 0.92 (0.46-1.83) 0.46 (0.24-0.89) 0.73 (0.36-1.47)
<1 cigarette per week 97 0.83 (0.42-1.64) 2.47 (1.35-4.51) 0.44 (0.24-0.81) 0.24 (0.11-0.54)
Years since first cigarette (amongst current smokers only)
0-2 181 1.00 0.335 1.00 0.042 1.00 0.906 1.00 0.031
3+ 91 0.72 (0.38-1.4) 0.54 (0.30-0.98) 1.03 (0.59-1.83) 1.96 (1.07-3.62)
Truanted in last 12 months
No 379 1.00 0.822 1.00 0.374 1.00 0.940 1.00 0.032
Yes 199 0.95 (0.63-1.43) 0.84 (0.57-1.23) 0.98 (0.64-1.51) 1.70 (1.05-2.76)
Excluded in last 12 months
No 451 1.00 0.361 1.00 0.048 1.00 0.092 1.00 0.018
Yes 131 1.24 (0.78-1.95) 0.63 (0.40-1.00) 1.52 (0.93-2.46) 1.89 (1.11-3.20)
Wellbeing
Not low wellbeing 370 1.00 0.143 1.00 0.336 1.00 0.360 1.00 0.207
Low wellbeing 173 1.39 (0.89-2.17) 1.21 (0.82-1.82) 1.23 (0.79-1.93) 1.39 (0.83-2.31)
Whether any of the people the child lives with smoke themselves (e.g. parent, sibling)
No 199 1.00 0.932 1.00 0.225 1.00 0.005 1.00 0.027
Yes 370 0.98 (0.65-1.48) 0.79 (0.54-1.16) 1.91 (1.21-3.00) 1.80 (1.07-3.03)
Had lessons on smoking in the last 12 months
No 201 1.00 0.038 1.00 0.001 1.00 0.870 1.00 0.900
Yes 338 1.55 (1.02-2.33) 1.98 (1.33-2.94) 0.96 (0.62-1.49) 1.03 (0.61-1.74)
Cannabis use
No 294 1.00 0.720 1.00 0.066 1.00 0.142 1.00 0.271
Yes 305 0.93 (0.64-1.36) 0.72 (0.50-1.02) 1.35 (0.90-2.01) 1.30 (0.81-2.10)
Frequency of drinking alcohol
At least once a week 165 1.00 0.125 1.00 0.066 1.00 0.892 1.00 0.155
At least once a month 204 0.79 (0.50-1.27) 0.96 (0.61-1.52) 0.92 (0.55-1.52) 0.58 (0.32-1.07)
Less frequently/never 207 1.27 (0.79-2.06) 1.53 (0.97-2.41) 1.02 (0.62-1.70) 0.62 (0.35-1.14)
  1. *number may not equal total as data for participants with missing data have not been presented for brevity
  2. Figures in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.05)