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Table 2 Behavioral and anthropometric risk factors among high risk and not high risk study participants

From: Clinical and biochemical characterization of high risk and not high risk for cardiovascular disease adults in a population from peripheral region of Bangladesh

Variablesa High risk (n = 1170) Not high risk (n = 563) P value*
Smoking Pattern    
Non-smoker 836 (71.5) 278 (49.4) 0.001
Smoker 334 (28.5) 285 (50.6)  
Smokeless tobacco    
Non smokeless tobacco 543 (46.4) 240 (42.6)  
Regular smokeless tobacco 434 (37.1) 196 (34.8) 0.139
Occasional smokeless tobacco 193 (16.5) 127 (22.6)  
Physical activities pattern (based on PAL)    
Inactive (<1.40) 168 (14.4) 88 (15.6)  
Low active (1.40 to 1.59) 200 (17.1) 97 (17.2) 0.359
Active (1.6 to 1.89) 165 (14.1) 88 (15.6)  
Very active (>1.90) 634 (54.3) 290 (51.5)  
Fruits intake pattern    
Less than 1 servings/day 1163 (99.4) 458 (81.3) <0.001
1-2 servings/day 7 (0.6) 105 (18.7)  
Vegetables intake pattern    
Less than 2 servings/day 487 (41.7) 324 (57.8) <0.001
3-5 servings/day 681 (58.3) 237 (42.2)  
BMI (M ± SD) 22.24 ± 4.40 20.35 ± 3.28 <0.001
Normal (18.51-23.0) 524 (44.8) 276 (49.0)  
Underweight (<18.5) 188 (16.1) 170 (30.2) 0.001
Overweight (23.01-27.5) 348 (29.8) 100 (17.8)  
Obese (>27.01) 109 (9.3) 15 (2.7)  
Waist circumference 79.53 ± 13.18 74.92 ± 9.86 <0.001
Normal (<0.90 male, <0.80 female) 755 (64.5) 496 (88.1) 0.001
High risk (>0.90 male, >0.80 female) 415 (35.5) 67 (11.9)  
Waist Hip Ratio 0.91 ± 0.11 0.90 ± 0.10 0.134
Normal (<0.95 male, <0.80 female) 313 (27.1) 305 (54.2)  
Moderate (0.96-1.0 male, 0.81-0.85 female) 223 (19.1) 103 (18.3) <0.001
High risk (>1.0 male, >0.85 female) 617 (53.5) 148 (26.3)  
Waist Height Ratio 0.51 ± 0.09 0.47 ± 0.06 0.001
<=0.5(non central fat distribution - pears) 513 (43.8) 403 (71.6) <0.001
>0.5(central fat distribution - apples) 657 (56.2) 160 (28.4)  
  1. *For continuous variables p-values were obtained by doing independent samples t-test and for categorical variable from chi-squared test
  2. aValues expressed as numbers and percentages in parentheses