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Table 4 Adjusted risk of death for HIV-positive patients by CD4 count compared to HIV-negative (n = 88 201) (excludes HIV unknown and CD4 missing)

From: The complex relationship between human immunodeficiency virus infection and death in adults being treated for tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa

  RR (95 % CI) p-value
All ages by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 3.83 (3.48–4.21) <0.001
 51–200 cells/mm3 2.21 (2.02–2.43) <0.001
 201–350 cells/mm3 1.39 (1.25–1.55) <0.001
  > 350 cells/mm3 1.07 (0.93–1.23) 0.321
Age 15–24 years by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 10.29 (7.66–13.8) <0.001
 51–200 cells/mm3 5.00 (3.74–6.68) <0.001
 201–350 cells/mm3 2.70 (1.84–3.96) <0.001
  > 350 cells/mm3 2.32 (1.59–3.39) <0.001
Age 25–34 years by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 6.56 (5.41–7.95) <0.001
 51–200 cells/mm3 3.69 (3.05–4.47) <0.001
 201–350 cells/mm3 2.18 (1.73–2.74) <0.001
  > 350 cells/mm3 1.54 (1.15–2.06) 0.003
Age 35–44 years by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 4.18 (3.49–5.00) <0.001
 51–200 cells/mm3 2.67 (2.25–3.17) <0.001
 201–350 cells/mm3 1.74 (1.43–2.11) <0.001
  > 350 cells/mm3 1.43 (1.11–1.83) 0.005
Age 45–54 years by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 3.30 (2.75–3.96) <0.001
 51–200 cells/mm3 1.78 (1.55–2.05) <0.001
 201–350 cells/mm3 1.15 (0.91–1.45) 0.239
  > 350 cells/mm3 0.72 (0.49–1.06) 0.099
Age 55–64 years by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 2.46 (1.88–3.22) <0.001
 51–200 cells/mm3 1.09 (0.78–1.51) 0.621
 201–350 cells/mm3 0.84 (0.59–1.19) 0.329
  > 350 cells/mm3 0.95 (0.63–1.43) 0.811
Age 65+ years by CD4 count    
  < 50 cells/mm3 1.70 (1.03–2.80) 0.039
 51–200 cells/mm3 1.45 (0.93–2.26) 0.101
 201–350 cells/mm3 0.97 (0.58–1.61) 0.892
  > 350 cells/mm3 0.55 (0.20–1.51) 0.247
  1. RR relative risk, CI confidence interval