Skip to main content

Table 3 Crude and specific relative risk estimates for impact of HIV, comparing HIV-positive and negative patients

From: The complex relationship between human immunodeficiency virus infection and death in adults being treated for tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa

  RR (95 % CI) p-value
HIV Status    
 HIV-positive 2.19 (2.03–2.37) <0.001
Age group
 15–24 years 4.82 (3.88–5.99) <0.001
 25–34 years 3.76 (3.12–4.53) <0.001
 35–44 years 2.64 (2.28–3.06) <0.001
 45–54 years 1.75 (1.53–1.99) <0.001
 55–64 years 1.26 (1.06–1.50) 0.008
 65+ years 1.23 (0.91–1.66) 0.169
Baseline smear
 Negative 1.85 (1.68–2.04) <0.001
 Positive 2.82 (2.58–3.07) <0.001
 No smear 1.77 (1.46–2.14) <0.001
Gender
 Female 2.74 (2.43–3.08) <0.001
 Male 1.94 (1.77–2.11) <0.001
  1. RR relative risk, CI confidence interval