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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics for adult TB cases, stratified by HIV status and death (n = 93 133)

From: The complex relationship between human immunodeficiency virus infection and death in adults being treated for tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa

  HIV-positive HIV-negative HIV status unknown Total died (n = 4619)
  Alive Died Alive Died Alive Dead
(n = 44 315) (n = 3017) (n = 41 548) (n = 1408) (n = 2651) (n = 194)
Mean age in years at registration (SD) 34.9 (9.1) 37.9 (10.3) 36.0 (14.4) 51.1 (15.8) 36.0 (14.5) 50.1 (17.4) 42.4 (14.0)
Age in years at registration        
 15–24 (%) 4531 (95.6) 208 (4.4) 11 358 (99.1) 98 (0.9) 597 (97.5) 15 (2.5) 321 (1.9)
 25–34 (%) 19 064 (94.8) 1044 (5.2) 10 292 (98.7) 134 (1.3) 857 (96.6) 30 (3.4) 1208 (3.8)
 35–44 (%) 14 236 (93.2) 1035 (6.8) 7917 (97.6) 194 (2.4) 534 (94.5) 31 (5.5) 1260 (5.3)
 45–54 (%) 5096 (90.8) 519 (9.2) 7122 (95.0) 377 (5.0) 343 (90.0) 38 (10.0) 934 (6.9)
 55–64 (%) 1220 (88.0) 166 (12.0) 3383 (91.1) 329 (8.9) 182 (84.7) 33 (15.3) 528 (9.9)
  > 64 (%) 168 (78.9) 45 (21.1) 1476 (84.2) 276 (15.8) 138 (74.6) 47 (25.4) 368 (17.1)
Gender        
 Male (%) 21 037 (93.3) 1464 (6.8) 26 009 (96.3) 988 (3.7) 1709 (93.7) 115 (6.3) 2567 (5.1)
 Female (%) 24 078 (93.9) 1553 (6.1) 15 539 (97.4) 420 (2.6) 942 (92.3) 79 (7.7) 2052 (4.8)
Median CD4 count for HIV-positive patients [IQR] 167 [77–298] 93 [37–191]      
  < 50 cells/mm3 (%) 7039 (89.0) 872 (11.0)      
 51–200 cells/mm3 (%) 17 671 (93.6) 1209 (6.4)      
 201–350 cells/mm3 (%) 9895 (96.0) 407 (4.0)      
 351–500 cells/mm3 (%) 4736 (96.9) 154 (3.1)      
  > 500 cells/mm3 (%) 3171 (97.2) 91 (2.8)      
 Missing 1803 (86.4) 284 (13.6)      
Baseline sputum smear        
 Negative (%) 24 855 (93.7) 1591 (6.3) 13 590 (95.6) 628 (4.4) 884 (92.8) 69 (7.2) 2288 (5.6)
 Positive (%) 14 572 (94.0) 938 (6.0) 25 392 (97.6) 625 (2.4) 1488 (95.3) 74 (4.7) 1637 (3.8)
 No smear (%) 5888 (92.3) 488 (7.7) 2566 (94.3) 155 (5.7) 279 (84.5) 51 (15.5) 694 (7.4)
Disease classification        
 PTB (%) 33 664 (93.9) 2205 (6.1) 37 132 (96.9) 1174 (3.1) 2293 (93.7) 155 (6.3) 3534 (4.6)
 EPTB (%) 9410 (93.0) 705 (7.0) 4056 (95.1) 208 (4.9) 329 (90.6) 34 (9.4) 947 (6.4)
 Both (%) 1241 (92.1) 107 (7.9) 360 (93.3) 26 (6.7) 29 (85.3) 5 (14.7) 138 (7.8)
Category        
 Retreatment (%) 13 738 (92.2) 1167 (7.8) 11 520 (95.2) 582 (4.8) 637 (91.4) 60 (8.6) 1809 (6.5)
 New (%) 30 577 (94.3) 1850 (5.7) 30 028 (97.3) 826 (2.7) 2014 (93.8) 134 (6.2) 2810 (4.3)
Registration year        
 2009 12 771 (93.0) 965 (7.0) 11 506 (96.3) 436 (3.7) 1262 (93.4) 89 (6.6) 1490 (5.5)
 2010 12 971 (93.6) 893 (6.4) 12 147 (96.7) 414 (3.3) 710 (93.7) 48 (6.3) 1355 (5.0)
 2011 12 739 (94.2) 787 (5.8) 11 929 (97.0) 365 (3.0) 453 (91.5) 42 (8.5) 1194 (4.5)
 2012 5834 (94.0) 372 (6.0) 5966 (96.9) 193 (3.1) 226 (93.8) 15 (6.2) 580 (4.6)
  1. SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, TB tuberculosis, PTB pulmonary TB, EPTB extra-pulmonary TB