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Table 2 Summary of included studies: population characteristics

From: A systematic review of post-migration acquisition of HIV among migrants from countries with generalised HIV epidemics living in Europe: mplications for effectively managing HIV prevention programmes and policy

Study reference Study type Country Population Methods Sample size
Probable country of infection and Estimates of incident infection
Aggarwal et al. (2006) [32] CS UK Black African, white UK-born, and black Caribbean patients Review of key epidemiologic data obtained from the medical records or from patient’s physician 344 (total) 154 (black African) 42 (black Caribbean)
Burns et al. (2009) [38] CS UK HIV-positive Africans within 12 months of initial HIV diagnosis and aged 18 years or more Data for all respondents to survey ranked for likelihood of acquisition in the UK or abroad 263
del Amo et al. (2011) [31] Systematic review Europe Migrant populations/Ethnic minorities Literature review of the five main databases of articles in English 2005 -2009 37 articles
Dougan et al. (2005) [39] Surveillance UK BME MSM newly diagnosed with HIV in E&W between 1997 and 2002 Review of data from two national HIV/AIDS surveillance systems. Undiagnosed HIV prevalence examined by world region of birth 1040
Dougan et al. (2004) [40] Surveillance UK Black Caribbean adults Analysis of voluntary confidential reports of new diagnoses received from virologists and clinicians 528
Dougan et al. (2005) [15] Surveillance UK MSM Analysis of reports of diagnoses from laboratories (since 1985) and clinicians (since 2000) 6386 MSM (total)
Hamers & Downs (2004) [41] Surveillance Europe People living with diagnosed HIV in 12 European countries Review of HIV/AIDS surveillance databases maintained by EuroHIV network 542,380 (total) 14,077 (migrants from countries with generalised epidemic)
Lot et al. (2004) [14] Surveillance France Newly diagnosed HIV positive men and women Analysis of HIV reports confirmed by laboratories; supplemented by epidemiological and clinical data 1301
Pezzoli et al. (2009) [12] CS Italy All adult migrants from a non–EU country registered at primary healthcare centres Structured questionnaire; included HIV testing; conducted in three cities: Brescia, Rome, Palermo 3003 (total) 674 (sub Saharan Africans)
Rice et al. (2012) [18] Surveillance UK Heterosexual adults born abroad and diagnosed with HIV in the UK National surveillance data analysed; year of infection assigned based on mathematical model 10,612 (total) 9065 (black African)
Rice et al. (2014) [19] Surveillance UK Newly diagnosed heterosexual adults seen in care in the UK National surveillance data analysed for trend changes in probable country of infection. 37,984 (total) 22,524 (black African born abroad)
Semaille et al. (2008) [13] Surveillance France Newly diagnosed HIV positive men and women Analysis of all mandatory anonymous HIV case reports mid-2003 -2006 10,855 (total) 2,511 (confirmed recent infections)
Sinka K et al. (2003) [4] Surveillance UK People diagnosed with HIV Analysis of voluntary confidential reports of new diagnoses received from virologists and clinicians 48,226 (total) 8960 (probably acquired in Africa)
Staehelin et al. (2004) [42] Retrospective cohort Switzerland All migrant patients 1984-2000 Single centre retrospective cohort: Time of HIV-infection estimated using CD4 cell count, CD4 cell decline over time and plasma RNA level 1215 (total)
Valin, et al. (2004) [43] CS France Sub Saharan Africans, aged 18+ presenting with HIV at outpatient or inpatient appointments Structured questionnaire collecting socio-demographic & clinical data 250
von Wyl V et al. (2011)* [20] Prospective cohort Switzerland Patients who received their HIV diagnosis between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2009 Phylogenetic analysis – additional demographic data from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study database 1143 individual infected with HIV-1 subtypes A, C,CRF AE, AG
Xiridou et al. (2010) [16] Mathematical model Netherlands African migrants, Caribbean migrants, and ‘general’ Dutch population Model parameterized using data from several surveys including two national surveys N/A
Xiridou et al. (2011) [17] Mathematical model Netherlands African migrants, Caribbean migrants, and the remaining ‘general’ Dutch population Model describes transmission of HIV in heterosexual partnerships N/A
Evidence of sexual mixing
Elford et al. (2007) [26] CS UK Patients diagnosed HIV infection aged 18+ years Self-administered questionnaire to patients in six east London public hospitals 1687 (total) 704 (black African heterosexual) 112 (non-white MSM)
Holguin et al. (2007) [21] CS Spain Individuals newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection between 1998 and 2004 Chart review and data analysis 429 (total) 87 (foreign born)
Kramer (2008) [29] CS Netherlands Surinamese and Antillean migrants (incl. 2nd gen) aged 16–70 years Structured questionnaire administered in social venues 1938
Lai (2013) [24] CS Italy HIV positive patients attending clinical centres Phylogenetic analysis 254 (total) 114 (Italy) 60 (Africa) 12 (South America) 4 (South East Asia) 64 (other/unknown)
Marsicano et al. (2013) [28] CS France Sub Saharan Africans, aged 18–49 living in the Ile-de-France Interviewer administered face-to-face questionnaire 1874 (total) 973 (women) 901 (men)
Rivas (2013) [25] Prevalence study Spain Migrants from Equatorial Guinea (EG) aged >16 seen for first consultation in in clinic 2002-2008 Analysis HIV & viral hepatitis prevalence among EG migrants compared to migrants from SSA 1493 (total) 1220 (Equatorial Guinea) 276 (other SSA countries)
Snoeck et al. (2002) [22] CS Belgium Patients with diagnosed HIV Phylogenetic analysis & retrospective review of patient records 41 (total, 18 % African)
Tramutoet al (2013) [23] Surveillance Italy ART Naïve HIV positive patients attending care Laboratory hospital surveillance data analysed 155 (total) 113 (native Sicilian) 42 (migrants)
van Veen et al. (2009) [27] CS Netherlands Migrants from Surinam, Antilles, Cape Verde & Ghana, aged 18-55 Individuals recruited in community setting so self-complete structured questionnaire 1680
  1. CS = Cross Sectional Study; MSM = Men who have sex with men; BME = Black and Minority Ethnic *Also includes data on Sexual Mixing, E&W = England and Wales