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Table 4 Preventive Health Behaviors of NCDs among CCHC (2008–2011) and BRFSS Hispanics respondents (2009) by gender

From: Non-communicable diseases and preventive health behaviors: a comparison of Hispanics nationally and those living along the US-Mexico border

  CCHC BRFSS Difference Adjusted
n = 1408 n (%) n = 29942 n (%) (p-value) p-value
Males     
Smoke-free Living     
Smoker 109 (27.0) 1968 (19.69) 0.0191 0.1595
Non-smoker 306 (73.0) 8672 (80.31)   
Meet PA Guidelines     
Yes 155 (39.8) 4319 (46.61) 0.1097 0.8075
No 283 (60.2) 5333 (53.39)   
Meet F&V Consumption Guidelines     
Yes 42 (11.4) 1821 (18.71) 0.0256 0.0034
No 347 (88.6) 8262 (81.29)   
Avoid Heavy     
Alcohol Use
Heavy Use 42 (9.0) 501 (6.14) 0.0907 0.0236
No Heavy Use 322 (91.0) 9581 (93.86)   
Females     
Smoke-free Living     
Smoker 77 (8.1) 2164 (9.68) 0.3624 0.8947
Non-smoker 791 (91.9) 16711 (90.32)   
Meet PA Guidelines     
Yes 155 (39.8) 6663 (41.68) 0.1097 0.0015
No 283 (60.2) 10464 (58.34)   
Meet F&V Consumption Guidelines     
Yes 42 (11.4) 4537 (25.16) 0.0256 0.0417
No 347 (88.6) 13427 (74.84)   
Avoid Heavy     
Alcohol Use
Heavy Use 8 (1.6) 383 (2.63) 0.2703 0.7754
No Heavy Use 675 (98.4) 17957 (97.37)   
  1. 1Calculated adjusted p-values adjusting for age, educational attainment, employment, language, and insurance
  2. NCDs, non-communicable diseases; CCHC, Cameron County Hispanic Cohort; BRFSS, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; PA, physical activity; F&V, fruits and vegetables