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Table 2 Summary of the percentage of responsibilities for the 11 functions among the Health Inspection Department (HID), Health Inspection Authority (HIA), and Other Agencies (OA) at three administrative levels in 2012 (n = 602)

From: Aspects of the Health Inspection Authority in the People’s Republic of China

Functions Provincial Municipal County
HID HIA OA HID HIA OA HID HIA OA
Issuing health administrative permits 34.2 37.8 28.0 37.6 32.9 29.5 32.9 33.5 33.6
Health supervision and inspection 11.5 83.0 5.5 6.1 86.3 7.6 7.4 84.4 8.2
Health testing and evaluation 10.0 72.7 17.4 4.9 60.2 34.8 4.3 68.4 27.4
Case investigation 3.9 96.1 0.0 3.9 94.8 1.3 3.0 96.0 1.0
Complaint handling 0.0 99.2 0.8 4.5 93.5 2.1 3.3 94.4 2.3
Managing public health crises (e.g. Infectious disease) 27.1 63.5 9.4 20.5 70.1 9.4 22.7 69.6 7.7
Monitoring and safeguarding public health at major public events 13.1 77.4 9.5 12.3 75.2 12.6 13.5 79.0 7.5
Enforcing supervision and inspection compliance 5.0 95.0 0.0 7.0 92.5 0.6 4.8 94.0 1.2
Public health education 15.8 83.3 0.9 6.5 89.9 3.6 7.7 91.0 1.2
Information management of health supervision 1.7 97.0 1.3 2.7 94.2 3.1 3.6 93.2 3.1
Health supervision team training and management 6.4 84.3 9.2 8.9 86.4 4.8 8.5 85.1 6.4