Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations between nutrition indicators and covariates, adolescents aged 11–17 years, KiGGS 2003–2006, adjusted for parental education

From: Dietary behaviour and parental socioeconomic position among adolescents: the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents 2003–2006 (KiGGS)

  Study Sample High fruit intake High vegetable intake Low intake of energy-dense food High healthy nutrition score (HuSKY)
  n OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Total 6359     
Covariates      
Age group      
 11–13 2892 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 14–15 1834 0.8 (0.7–0.9)a 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 0.7 (0.6–0.8)a 0.8 (0.7–0.9)a
 16–17 1633 0.7 (0.6–0.8)a 0.7 (0.6–0.7) 0.7 (0.6–0.8)a 0.6 (0.5–0.7)a
Region in Germany      
 Former East 2160 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Former West 4199 0.7 (0.6–0.8)a 1.3 (1.2–1.5)a 1.3 (1.1–1.5)a 0.8 (0.7–0.9)a
Leisure time physical activity      
 Low 2384 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Middle 1849 1.2 (1.0–1.3)a 1.3 (1.2–1.6)a 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.2 (1.1–1.4)a
 High 1794 1.3 (1.2–1.5)a 1.3 (1.2–1.5)a 0.9 (0.8–1.0) 1.3 (1.1–1.5)a
 Missing 332 1.2 (1.0–1.6) 1.4 (1.1–1.9)a 1.0 (1.0–1.3) 1.2 (0.9–1.6)
Media use      
 Low 2013 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Middle 2176 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–1.0)a 0.7 (0.6–0.8)a 0.8 (0.7–0.9)a
 High 1880 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 0.7 (0.6–0.8)a 0.4 (0.3–0.9)a 0.6 (0.5–0.7)a
 Missing 290 1.3 (0.9–1.7) 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.7 (0.5–0.9)a 1.0 (0.7–1.3)
Total energy expenditure      
 Low 1924 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Middle 1950 1.3 (1.1–1.5)a 1.4 (1.2–1.6)a 1.7 (1.4–1.9)a 1.4 (1.2–1.6)a
 High 1945 1.4 (1.2–1.6)a 1.6 (1.4–1.8)a 1.8 (1.5–2.1)a 1.8 (1.5–2.1)a
 Missing 540 1.5 (1.2–1.9)a 1.5 (1.3–1.9)a 1.4 (1.1–1.8)a 1.5 (1.2–2.0)a
Familial leisure activity      
 High 3354 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Low 2746 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–0.9)a 1.0 (0.9–1.1)
 Missing 259 1.7 (1.3–2.2)a 0.8 (0.6–1.0) 0.6 (0.4–0.7)a 0.8 (0.6–1.0)a
BMI-for-age      
 Above +2Z 553 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 +1 to +2 Z 1155 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.7 (0.6–0.9)a 0.7 (0.6–0.9)a 0.9 (0.7–1.1)
 −1 to +1Z 3941 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 0.5 (0.4–0.7)a 0.7 (0.6–0.9)a
 −2 to -1 Z 593 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 0.5 (0.3–0.6)a 0.8 (0.6–1.1)
 Below -2Z 117 0.6 (0.4–1.1) 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.4 (0.2–0.7)a 0.8 (0.5–1.3)
Perceived weight status      
 Fat 1537 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Normal 3654 1.2 (1.0–1.4)a 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.4 (1.2–1.6)a 1.1 (0.9–1.3)
 Thin 1084 1.3 (1.1–1.6)a 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 2.0 (1.6–2.4)a 1.3 (1.0–1.5)a
 Missing 84 1.2 (0.7–1.8) 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 0.7 (0.4–1.4) 1.0 (0.6–1.6)
  1. aSignificant on a 95 % level of confidence