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Table 1 Proportions of parental education according to covariates, adolescents aged 11–17 years, KiGGS 2003–2006

From: Dietary behaviour and parental socioeconomic position among adolescents: the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents 2003–2006 (KiGGS)

  Study Sample Primary parental education Secondary parental education Tertiary parental education  
  n % % 95 % CI % 95 % CI % 95 % CI Pearson’s chi2-testa
Total 6359   22 51 27  
Covariates       
Age group       
 11–13 2892 45 22 (20–25) 51 (49–54) 26 (24–29)  
 14–15 1834 29 22 (20–26) 52 (49–54) 26 (24–28)  
 16–17 1633 26 21 (19–24) 50 (47–53) 29 (26–31) P = 0.414
Region in Germany       
 Former East 2160 34 5 (4–6) 64 (61–67) 31 (28–34)  
 Former West 4199 66 26 (24–28) 48 (46–50) 26 (24–28) P = 0.000
Leisure time physical activity       
 Low 2384 37 22 (20–25) 50 (48–53) 27 (25–30)  
 Middle 1849 29 20 (18–23) 50 (48–53) 30 (27–32)  
 High 1794 28 22 (20–25) 53 (50–56) 25 (22–28)  
 Missing 332 5 29 (23–35) 52 (46–58) 19 (15–25) P = 0.003
Media use       
 Low 2013 32 17 (15–90) 49 (46–52) 34 (31–37)  
 Middle 2176 34 22 (20–25) 50 (48–53) 28 (25–31)  
 High 1880 30 26 (23–29) 55 (52–57) 20 (18–22)  
 Missing 290 5 29 (23–36) 50 (49–53) 21 (17–27) P = 0.000
Total energy expenditure       
 Low 1924 30 24 (21–27) 52 (50–55) 23 (21–26)  
 Middle 1950 31 20 (18–23) 51 (48–54) 28 (26–31)  
 High 1945 31 20 (17–22) 49 (47–52) 31 (28–34)  
 Missing 540 8 28 (23–34) 51 (46–56) 21 (18–25) P = 0.000
Familial leisure activity       
 High 3354 53 18 (16–20) 51 (49–54) 32 (28–33)  
 Low 2746 43 25 (22–27) 52 (49–54) 24 (22–26)  
 Missing 259 4 41 (35–49) 40 (33–47) 19 (14–25) P = 0.000
BMI-for-age       
 Above +2Z 553 9 34 (29–39) 49 (44–53) 17 (14–21)  
 +1 to +2 Z 1155 18 24 (21–27) 55 (51–58) 21 (19–24)  
 –1 to +1Z 3941 62 20 (18–23) 51 (48–53) 29 (27–31)  
 −2 to -1 Z 593 9 18 (15–22) 49 (45–54) 33 (28–37)  
 Below -2Z 117 2 21 (13–32) 52 (41–62) 28 (19–37) P = 0.000
Perceived weight status       
 Fat 1537 24 25 (22–28) 53 (50–56) 22 (19–24)  
 Normal 3654 57 21 (18–23) 50 (48–53) 29 (27–32)  
 Thin 1084 17 21 (18–25) 51 (48–55) 28 (25–31)  
 Missing 84 1 39 (29–51) 41 (31–52) 19 (11–31) P = 0.000
  1. aTest of trend for describing row differences for two-way tables with ordered column