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Table 3 Block-group level prevalence (95 % confidence interval) of predicted diabetes, obesity, and FV5 in retail food environment (RFE) categories^

From: Diabetes, obesity, and recommended fruit and vegetable consumption in relation to food environment sub-types: a cross-sectional analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States Census, and food establishment data

Food environment categories Block groups (n) Diabetes Obesity 5+/day Fruit and Vegetable Intake
Healthier Options (RFE ratio ≤1)
Sub-type 1: Grocery Stores 376 7.1 (6.3, 7.9) 31.2 (30.6, 31.9) 23.1 (21.7, 24.5)
Sub-type 2: Restaurants 213 5.9 (5.0, 6.8)**,†† 28.6 (27.8, 29.4)**,†† 25.2 (23.8, 26.5)**,††
Sub-type 3: Specialty Food 180 6.1 (5.0, 7.2)**,†† 31.1 (30.1, 32.1) 23.6 (22.3, 25.0)
Unhealthier Options (RFE ratio >1)
Sub-type 1: Restaurants and fast food 1520 6.0 (4.9, 7.1)†† 29.6 (28.5, 30.7)†† 24.4 (23.1, 25.9)††
Sub-type 2: Convenience Stores 938 6.1 (4.9, 7.3)†† 30.9 (29.5, 32.4) 23.7 (22.1, 25.3)
  1. ^Diabetes, obesity, and FV5 predicted from multiple imputation using variables in Table 1
  2. *p <0.05, **p <0.01, ***p <0.001 for comparison of diabetes, obesity, or fruit and vegetable intake prevalence compared to the reference group within the healthier options (reference: grocery stores) and unhealthier options (reference: restaurants and fast food)
  3. p <0.05, ††p <0.01, †††p <0.001 for comparison of diabetes, obesity, or fruit and vegetable intake prevalence compared to the reference group of “Healthier Options Sub-Type 1: Grocery Stores” across healthier and unhealthier options categories (in the entire group)