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Table 1 Ever use of tobacco products in Chennai, Delhi, and Karachi

From: A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and correlates of tobacco Use in Chennai, Delhi, and Karachi: data from the CARRS study

  Any tobacco Tobacco smoking Chew tobacco Other tobacco
  Males Females Males Females§ Males Females Males§ Females§
City % CI % CI % CI % CI % CI % CI % CI % CI
Prevalence with 95 % CI ^
Chennai 45.4 [42.8,48.0] 3.4 [2.6,4.1] 33.4 [30.8,36.1] 0.1 [0.1,0.3] 16.5 [14.7,18.2] 2.0 [1.4,2.6] 1.0 [0.6,1.5] 1.4 [0.9,1.9]
Delhi 43.9 [39.1,48.7] 7.9 [5.9,9.9] 30.4 [27.1,33.7] 1.6 [0.8,2.4] 20.3 [16.4,24.2] 5.9 [4.6,7.2] 0.6 [0.3,0.8] 0.8 [0.3,1.3]
Karachi 44.7 [41.9,47.5] 13.7 [10.7,16.7] 22.6 [20.3,24.9] 1.7 [1.1,2.3] 22.9 [19.3,26.5] 11.5 [8.6,14.4] 5.4 [4.7,6.1] 0.6 [0.3,0.9]
Prevalence with 95 % CI (standardized using regional population)*
Chennai 45.3 [41.7,48.8] 7.4 [5.4,9.3] 34.7 [31.3,38.1] 0.2 [0.2,0.6] 12.8 [10.7,14.9] 4.8 [3.0,6.6] 1.6 [0.7,2.5] 2.5 [1.6,3.5]
Delhi 41.6 [36.7,46.6] 8.5 [6.1,10.9] 31.3 [27.3,35.2] 2.2 [0.9,3.5] 16.3 [13.2,19.3] 6.4 [4.6,8.3] 0.5 [0.2,0.7] 0.7 [0.3,1.0]
Karachi 43.1 [40.2,46.0] 18.7 [15.3,22.2] 25.1 [22.5,27.7] 2.2 [1.0,3.5] 18.2 [15.4,21.0] 16.0 [12.9,19.1] 5.2 [4.5,6.0] 1.0 [0.3,1.6]
Prevalence with 95 % CI (standardized using world population)
Chennai 45.0 [41.4,48.6] 7.6 [5.5,9.7] 34.6 [31.1,38.0 0.2 [0.2,0.5] 12.6 [10.4,14.8] 5.1 [3.1,7.0] 1.7 [0.7,2.6] 2.5 [1.6,3.5]
Delhi 41.3 [36.3,46.3] 8.5 [6.0,11.0] 31.1 [27.1,35.0] 2.3 [0.9,3.7] 16.0 [13.0,19.0] 6.5 [4.5,8.4] 0.4 [0.2,0.7] 0.7 [0.3,1.1]
Karachi 42.5 [39.5,45.5] 19.7 [16.1,23.2] 25.3 [22.4,28.1] 2.3 [0.9,3.8] 17.3 [14.5,20.0] 16.9 [13.7,20.1] 5.3 [4.4,6.1] 1.0 [0.3,1.7]
  1. ^Prevalence data and 95 % confidence intervals adjusting for sampling weights
  2. *Prevalence data and 95 % confidence intervals are age- and sex-standardized to the regional population. (Regional projected population by World Bank, 2010: India's population for Delhi and Chennai and Pakistan's population for Karachi)
  3. Prevalence data and 95 % confidence intervals are age- and sex-standardized to the world’s population
  4. §Estimates likely unreliable due to small number of subjects in this category