Skip to main content

Table 5 Association between the response variable household practice and the explanatory factors: agro-ecological region, socio-economic position 1 , number of people in the household 1 , number and species of livestock reared 1 , and zoonosis awareness (n = 300)

From: Household practices related to disease transmission between animals and humans in rural Cambodia

Household practice2 Explanatory factors2 OR (95% CI) P-value
Feeding animals uncooked slaughter waste Region - 0.0009
  KPC vs KT 9.6 (3.5-26) <0.0001
  KPC vs BB 12 (4.5-32) <0.0001
  Have knowledge of zoonoses 2.2 (1.0-4.5) 0.04
  Perceive likelihood of zoonoses 7.5 (2.2-26) 0.001
Eating animals found dead Region - 0.04
  KPC vs KT ns ns
  KPC vs BB 0.4 (0.2-0.7) 0.003
  No. of buffalo3 1.3 (0.9-1.7) 0.14
Washing hands with soap before and after cooking Region - 0.02
  KPC vs KT ns ns
  KPC vs BB ns ns
  Have knowledge of zoonoses 1.4 (1.3-7.3) 0.01
Washing hands with soap after handling live animals Region - 0.02
  KPC vs KT ns ns
  KPC vs BB ns ns
  Have knowledge of zoonoses 1.4 (1.3-7.3) 0.01
Keeping live animals away from sleeping and food preparation areas Region - 0.0002
  KPC vs KT 67 (9.5-470) <0.0001
  KPC vs BB 2.9 (1.5-5.5) 0.0013
  Wealth index 0.8 (0.7-0.9) 0.0003
Burying or burning meat waste products No. of people in household 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 0.01
Daily collection of manure indoors and outdoors No. of cattle 1.2 (1.0-1.5) 0.01
Slaughtering domestic animals Region - 0.0007
  KPC vs KT 0.2 (0.1-0.3) <0.0001
  KPC vs BB ns ns
  No. of people in household 1.5 (1.1-1.3) 0.002
  No. of chicken 1.0 (1.0-1.1) 0.004
  Have knowledge of zoonoses 1.9 (1.1-3.2) 0.02
  1. 1Quantitative explanatory factor.
  2. 2Only significant (p < 0.05) response variables and explanatory factors from the logistic analysis shown.
  3. 3Buffalo retained in the model despite a non-significant p-value, as removal caused a change in the province estimate of more than 20%.
  4. Kampong Cham province (KPC), Kampot province (KT), Battambang province (BB), (Cambodia 2011–2013).