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Table 4 Description of the indicators according to country, region and total sample

From: Country-level and individual correlates of overweight and obesity among primary school children: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries

Indicator Year* Unit Romania Turkey Bulgaria Lithuania Germany Netherlands Italy Eastern Europe Western Europe Total sample
(n = 1,003; 19.3%) (n = 486; 9.3%) (n = 984; 18.9%) (n = 1,018; 19.6%) (n = 435; 8.4%) (n = 593; 11.4%) (n = 687; 13.2%) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD)
Gross domestic product (GDP) 2010 US$ per capita 7670.3 10049.8 6334.68 11046 40163.8 46622.9 33786.6 10472.1 (7670.2) 39795.6 (5924.6) 18898.5 (15103.8)
Real domestic product (RDP) 2010 PPP$ per capita 14778.3 15829.8 13892.2 18120 37651.6 41673.2 32109.6 16948.2 (5440.6) 36700.7 (4429.9) 22624.3 (10326.9)
Average number of calories 2009 kcal/person/day 3487 3666 2791 3486 3549 3261 3627 3329.2 (328.7) 3470.7 (171.9) 3369.9 (299.3)
Available fat 2009 % of total energy 27.62 25.97 32.7 27.93 37.05 37.53 39.21 29.4 (3.1) 38.2 (0.9) 31.9 (4.8)
Available fruits/vegetables 2009 kg/person/year 226.6 361.2 105 171.9 176.2 212.6 312.4 194 (78.8) 253.2 (55.9) 211 (77.7)
Public sector health expenditure (total health expenditure) 2010 % of total health expenditure, WHO estimates 80.36 74.8 55.7 72.9 76.78 84.82 77.62 70.8 (9.5) 80.4 (3.6) 73.6 (9.3)
Public sector expenditure on health (total government expenditure) 2010 % of total government expenditure, WHO estimates 11.92 12.8 11.28 12.56 18.52 20.08 14.72 12.4 (1.6) 17.4 (2.5) 13.9 (3)
Motor vehicles 2007 N° motor vehicles/1000 people 180 131 295 479 623 503 677 314.7 (156.9) 583.2 (67.5) 391.8 (183.4)
Passenger cars 2007 N° passenger cars/1000 people 156 88 257 470 566 441 601 286.3 (158.4) 521.5 (66.3) 353.9 (174.5)
N° policies to prevent obesity in children 2010 N° policies to prevent obesity in children from 2000 to 2010 5 2 7 4 6 11 3 4.9 (1.6) 6.6 (3.7) 5.4 (2.5)
  1. Note: Eastern Europe includes Romania, Turkey, Bulgaria, Lithuania, and East Germany; Western Europe includes West Germany, Netherlands and Italy.
  2. *Indicators were obtained for 2010. Otherwise, data from the most recent year available were used (i.e., 2009, 2007); East Germany (n = 219) and West Germany (n = 216).