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Table 2 Distribution of demographic, lifestyles and family variables by presence of overweight problems

From: Country-level and individual correlates of overweight and obesity among primary school children: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries

   Total sample   Eastern Europe   Western Europe  
   No Overw (%) Overw (%) pvalue No Overw (%) Overw (%) pvalue No Overw (%) Overw (%) pvalue
Age Years mean (SD) 8.7 (1.33) 8.6 (1.28) 0.16 8.8 (1.23) 8.7 (1.23) <0.01 8.4 (1.46) 8.4 (1.47) 0.931
Mother’s age Years mean (SD) 37.4 (5.60) 36.3 (5.63) <0.0001 35.7 (5.31) 35.3 (5.34) 0.095 40.5 (4.68) 40.5 (4.89) 0.932
Father’s age Years mean (SD) 39.9 (6.05) 38.6 (6.12) <0.0001 38.1 (5.81) 37.5 (5.77) 0.018 42.8 (5.26) 42.7 (5.71) 0.356
Sport/physical activity Hours per week mean (SD) 6.2 (7.78) 5.9 (6.65) 0.056 6.5 (8.99) 6.1 (7.02) 0.235 5.7 (5.44) 5.3 (5.06) 0.214
TV/video tapes/DVD Hours per week mean (SD) 6.8 (5.60) 7.5 (6.93) 0.264 7.2 (6.50) 7.7 (7.38) 0.221 6.0 (3.90) 6.3 (4.57) 0.902
Gender Boys 48.9 53.6 0.010 47.5 55.9 <0.0001 51.4 43.7 0.06
  Girls 51.1 46.4   52.5 44.1   48.6 56.3  
N° children at home 1 26.5 34.4 <0.0001 28.3 36.9 <0.0001 23.1 23.4 0.673
  2 or 3 61.9 55.4   57.0 51.5   71.0 72.5  
  ≥4 11.6 10.2   14.6 11.6   5.9 4.2  
Marital status Single/Never married/Separated/Divorced/Widowed 14.1 14.9 0.546 17.1 15.7 0.384 8.4 11.3 0.237
  Married/Remarried/Cohabitation/Other 85.9 85.1   82.9 84.3   91.6 88.8  
Mother’s education High school not completed 10.1 15.5 <0.0001 13.9 18.0 0.019 2.1 2.3 0.180
  High school completed 35.5 38.9   40.0 39.9   25.8 33.3  
  Continued after high school 54.3 45.7   46.1 42.0   72.1 64.4  
Mother inactive Yes 11.0 14.8 0.004 15.2 17.0 0.301 3.9 6.1 0.205
Area Rural 40.6 42.8 0.223 36.6 39.1 0.028 51.7 59.3 0.072
Country Bulgaria 18.0 22.9 <0.0001 27.8 28.0 <0.0001 - -  
  Romania 15.5 27.5   23.9 33.6   - -  
  Lithuania 19.6 17.3   30.2 21.1   - -  
  Turkey 7.1 11.1   10.9 13.6   - -  
  East Germany 4.7 3.3   7.2 3.6   - -  
  Italy 17.4 7.8   - -   49.7 42.5 0.108
  Netherlands 12.8 7.0   - -   36.4 38.3  
  West Germany 4.9 4.1   - -   14.0 19.2  
PBAQ caring Average 69.3 67.1 0.268 64.9 65.8 0.913 72.2 73 0.417
  Below average 15.9 15.9   16.2 15.6   15.3 17  
  Above average 14.8 17.0   18.9 18.6   7.5 10  
PBAQ autonomy Average 64.6 65.3 <0.001 66.5 65.6 0.621 61.2 65.6 0.100
  Below average 18.9 13.9   12.3 11.6   30.6 23.9  
  Above average 16.5 20.8   21.1 22.8   8.2 11.9  
  1. Note: Eastern Europe includes Romania, Turkey, Bulgaria, Lithuania, and East Germany; Western Europe includes West Germany, Netherlands and Italy.