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Table 1 Sample characteristics in Western and Eastern Europe (2010)

From: Country-level and individual correlates of overweight and obesity among primary school children: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries

   Total sample (%) Eastern Europe (%) Western Europe (%) P value
  Total sample size 5206 3710 1496  
Age Years mean (SD) 8.6 (1.32) 8.7 (1.25) 8.4 (1.47) <0.0001
Gender Male (n = 2613) 50.2 50.1 50.5 0.760
Female (n = 2592) 49.8 49.9 49.5  
Number of children living at home 1 (n = 1473) 28.3 30.7 22.5 <0.0001
2 or 3 (n = 3085) 59.3 54.4 71.2
≥4 (n = 642) 12.3 14.8 6.4
Marital status Single/Never Married/Separated/Divorced/Widowed (n = 739) 14.9 17.3 8.9 <0.0001
Married/Remarried/Cohabitation/Other (n = 4214) 85.1 82.7 91.1
Mother’s education High school not completed (n = 597) 13.2 17.1 2.1 <0.0001
High school completed (n = 1676) 37.1 40.6 26.9
Continued after high school (n = 2245) 49.7 42.3 71
Age of mother Years mean (SD) 36.9 (5.71) 35.4 (5.4) 40.5 (4.7) <0.0001
Age of father Years mean (SD) 39.4 (6.15) 37.9 (5.91) 42.7 (5.3) <0.0001
Mother professionally inactive Yes (n = 1567) 32.9 37.3 21.7 <0.0001
No (n = 3200) 67.1 62.7 78.3
Area Rural (n = 545) 12.9 36.5 52.9 <0.0001
Urban (n = 3667) 87.1 63.5 47.1
PBAQ caring Average (n = 3299) 67.8 64.4 75.9 <0.0001
Below average (n = 824) 16.9 17.2 16.3
Above average (n = 745) 15.3 18.4 7.8
PBAQ autonomous Average (n = 3098) 64.5 65.5 62 <0.0001
Below average (n = 851) 17.7 12.8 29.3
Above average (n = 855) 17.8 21.7 8.6
Sport/physical activity Hours per week mean (SD) 6.06 (7.43) 6.28 (8.28) 5.63 (5.36) 0.0031
TV/video tapes/DVD Hours per week mean (SD) 6.81 (6.00) 7.16 (6.68) 6.05 (4.00) 0.962
Overweight No Overweight (n = 3533) 79.5 75.5 88.1 <0.0001
Overweight (n = 910) 20.5 24.5 11.9
  1. Note: Eastern Europe includes Romania, Turkey, Bulgaria, Lithuania, and East Germany; Western Europe includes West Germany, Netherlands and Italy.