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Table 3 Adjusted odd ratios for child stunting among separate child groups by household food insecurity level using multiple logistic regression

From: Factors associated with stunting among children according to the level of food insecurity in the household: a cross-sectional study in a rural community of Southeastern Kenya

1) Severe food insecure group (N = 252) 2) Non-severe food insecure group (N = 108)
Variables Adjusted OR 95% CI Variables Adjusted OR 95% CI
Tea/porridge with milk in previous 24 h Animal rearing
 No Ref.  No Ref.
 Yes 3.22 (1.43 - 7.25)  Yes 3.24 (1.04 - 10.07)
Non-milk liquids Caregiver’s education status
 No Ref.  Not educated/Preschool Ref.
 Yes 0.50 (0.22 - 1.16)  Primary/Secondary 0.44 (0.16 - 1.26)
Jigger infection Socioeconomic status (SES)
 No Ref.  Poorest Ref.
 Yes 1.84 (0.88 - 3.84)  Second 0.14 (0.03 - 0.73)
     Third 0.22 (0.04 - 1.08)
Child age (mo)  Fourth 0.13 (0.03 - 0.55)
 0-5 Ref.    
 6-11 2.38 (0.48 - 11.92) Siblings of preschool age
 12-23 1.89 (0.47 - 7.62)  0 or 1 Ref.
 24-35 4.04 (1.01 - 16.14)  2 or more 2.81 (0.92 - 8.58)
 36-47 3.16 (0.85 - 11.79)    
 48-59 1.59 (0.36 - 6.94)    
Socioeconomic status (SES)
 Poorest Ref.     
 Second 0.71 (0.33 - 1.53)    
 Third 0.80 (0.35 - 1.85)    
 Fourth 0.33 (0.13 - 0.85)    
  1. Note:
  2. OR, Odds Ratio; 95% CI, 95% Confidence Interval; HFIAS, Household Food Insecurity Access Scale.
  3. For multivariate logistic regression, all variables listed in Table 1 were used and selected by backward stepwise selection with 0.2 of significant level of removal from the model. All the selected variables were used for calculating adjusted odds ratios (adjusted ORs).
  4. For non-severe-food insecure group, 33 children aged less than 12 months were removed from the analysis because only 1 stunting condition was found in these categories.