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Table 1 Category, surveillance field and objective(s) of the approaches used for the evaluation of surveillance systems

From: Surveillance systems evaluation: a systematic review of the existing approaches

References Approach category Surveillance field Main objective Objective(s) of the evaluation as stated in the document Case study application
  Author’s definition Reviewed definition*
[5] Framework Framework Guidelines Method PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To assess the quality of the information provided; the effectiveness in supporting the objective(s), in supporting informed decision-making; and the efficiency of SS -
[18] Tool Method Tool PHa Design efficient surveillance systems Help plan, organize, implement SS Not described
[19] Tool Guidelines Method Tool PHa Design efficient surveillance systems To establish a baseline and to monitor progress -
[20] Guidelines Framework Guidelines Method PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To establish and maintain effective and efficient surveillance and response systems -
[21] Framework Guidelines PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To assess existing SS and identify areas which can be improved -
[22] Framework Framework PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To evaluate whether SS attain their objectives, and to provide information for further development and improvement Military surveillance systems for early detection of outbreaks on duty areas
[23] Framework Frameworl PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To provide objective, valid and reliable information for the decisions on which surveillance activities and functions should be continued -
[24] Framework Framework Guidelines PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To establish the relative value of different approaches and to provide information needed to improve their efficacy -
[25] Tool Framework Guidelines PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To assess whether the surveillance method appropriately addresses the disease/health issues; whether the technical performance is adequate -
[26] Guidelines Framework Guidelines PHa Evaluate performance and effectiveness To define how well the system operates to meet its objective(s) and purpose -
[27] Tool Method Tool AHb Evaluate performance and effectiveness To propose recommendation for improvement of SS Implemented in France: surveillance network for antimicrobial resistance in pathogenic bacteria from animal origin (also mentioned but not described: early detection of FMD; case detection of rabies in bats; poultry disease surveillance network and salmonella laboratory surveillance network)
[28] Framework Framework Guidelines Method AHb Evaluate performance and effectiveness Support the detection of disparities in surveillance and support decisions on refining SS design Implemented in UK: demonstration of freedom from Brucella melitensis; early detection of CSF and case detection of Tb.
[29,32] Method Guidelines Method AHb Evaluate performance and effectiveness To contribute to the improvement of the management of epidemiological animal health SS Implemented in France: evolution of mycoplasmosis and salmonellosis rates in poultry (RENESA network); and the FMD surveillance network in cattle
[30] Framework Framework EHc Evaluate performance and effectiveness Make evidence-based decisions regarding the future selection, development and use of data Environmental public health surveillance programs
[31] Method Guidelines Method PHa & AHb Evaluate the completeness of the surveillance systems in terms of core components Evaluate the completeness and coherence of the concepts underlying a health surveillance program National Integrated Enteric Pathogen Surveillance Program, Canada
  1. a: Public Health; b: Animal Health; c: Environmental Health; SS: Surveillance System. FMD: Foot and Mouth Disease *According to the information provided in the publication.