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Table 1 CVD Outcomes and Characteristics of Study Participants

From: Cross-sectional associations between residential environmental exposures and cardiovascular diseases

   Outcome 1: MI only Outcome 2: Any of MI, angina, CHD, CHF, or stroke
  Entire Cohort No. (% of sample) No. (row %) p-value No. (row %) p-value
Participants 2411 (100) 47 (1.94)   103 (4.27)  
Age    0.0354   <.0001
  25-35 529 (21.93) 6 (1.11)   6 (1.21)  
  36-45 742 (30.79) 9 (1.20)   20 (2.67)  
  46-55 714 (29.63) 19 (2.68)   44 (6.16)  
  56-65 426 (17.65) 13 (3.00)   33 (7.67)  
Gender    <.0001   0.0105
  Women 1293 (53.64) 10 (0.75)   43 (3.29)  
  Men 1117 (46.36) 37(3.31)   48 (5.40)  
Visible Minority Status    0.7446   0.3990
  1. Yes 1062 (44.04) 19 (1.83)   41 (3.87)  
  2. No 1349 (55.96) 27 (2.02)   62 (4.57)  
Education    0.8194   <.0001
  1. Less than High School 95 (3.95) 1 (1.45)   13 (14.11)  
  2. High School Complete 389 (16.15) 6 (1.49)   12 (3.21)  
  3. Diploma Complete 686 (28.44) 16 (2.27)   29 (4.17)  
  4. Completed Undergrad and above 1241 (51.47) 24 (1.93)   48 (3.89)  
  1. City of Toronto, Canada 2009–2011 (n = 2411).
  2. Note: MI = Myocardial infarction; CHD = coronary heart disease; CHF = congestive heart failure.
  3. For variables with more than 2 categories, p-value is for the χ2 test of differences across row in the percentage reporting the outcome. Otherwise p-value is for a 2-tailed test of difference between 2 groups in the proportion reporting each outcome.