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Table 2 Association between covariates and current smoking and smoking cessation in a multilevel logistic regression model

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in smoking in The Netherlands before and during the Global Financial Crisis: a repeated cross-sectional study

  Current smoking Smoking cessation
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Time (in years) 0.97 [0.96-0.98] 0.97 [0.96-0.99] 1.04 [1.02-1.06] 1.04 [1.02-1.06]
Time period     
Pre-GFC 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
During-GFC 0.96 [0.89-1.03] 0.97 [0.90-1.04] 1.08 [1.00-1.18] 1.08 [0.99-1.18]
Age     
18 – 30 years of age 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
31 – 44 years of age 0.90 [0.86-0.95] 0.89 [0.85-0.94] 1.50 [1.40-1.60] 1.53 [1.43-1.65]
45 – 64 years of age 0.80 [0.76-0.84] 0.75 [0.71-0.79] 2.54 [2.39-2.70] 2.66 [2.49-2.85]
>64 years of age 0.34 [0.32-0.37] 0.26 [0.24-0.28] 5.89 [5.45-6.37] 7.17 [6.60-7.80]
Gender     
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.70 [0.68-0.73] 0.66 [0.64-0.69] 1.21 [1.16-1.26] 1.26 [1.20-1.31]
Ethnicity     
Ethnic Dutch 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Western minorities 1.12 [1.05-1.20] 1.10 [1.02-1.17] 0.92 [0.86-1.00] 0.94 [0.87-1.02]
Non-western minorities 0.88 [0.81-0.95] 0.70 [0.64-0.77] 0.69 [0.62-0.77] 0.82 [0.72-0.92]
Household composition     
Couple, with children 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Couple, no children 1.11 [1.06-1.16] 1.15 [1.10-1.21] 1.03 [0.98-1.09] 1.01 [0.96-1.06]
Single, with children 1.68 [1.60-1.77] 1.66 [1.57-1.75] 0.55 [0.51-0.58] 0.56 [0.53-0.60]
Single, no children 1.93 [1.79-2.10] 1.80 [1.65-1.95] 0.50 [0.46-0.56] 0.54 [0.49-0.60]
Other 1.63 [1.42-1.86] 1.61 [1.38-1.87] 0.61 [0.51-0.73] 0.59 [0.49-0.72]
Education level     
High   1.00   1.00
Middle   1.57 [1.49-1.65]   0.70 [0.66-0.74]
Low   2.14 [2.04-2.26]   0.52 [0.49-0.55]
Household income     
High   1.00   1.00
Middle   1.19 [1.14-1.25]   0.86 [0.82-0.91]
Low   1.34 [1.27-1.40]   0.76 [0.72-0.81]
Neighbourhood deprivation     
Non-deprived   1.00   1.00
Next-most-deprived   1.22 [1.15-1.31]   0.86 [0.80-0.93]
Most-deprived   1.26 [1.13-1.40]   0.84 [0.74-0.95]