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Table 2 Violence/Trauma experience by gender

From: Exposure to and experiences of violence among adolescents in lower socio-economic groups in Johannesburg, South Africa

Variable Ever seen any violence Ever seen an act of violence in the community Ever experienced an act violence in the community Ever seen violence in the family Ever experienced violence in the family
  Male Female p-value Male Female p-value Male Female p-value Male Female p-value Male Female p-value
N (%) N (%)   N (%) N (%)   N (%) N (%)   N (%) N (%)   N (%) N (%)  
Ethnic group                
Black 171 (82.2) 238 (79.9) 0.5 156 (75.0) 209 (70.4) 0.3 70 (33.7) 63 (21.4) 0.0021 64 (30.9) 111 (37.9) 0.1 58 (27.9) 78 (26.3) 0.7
Coloured 35 (77.8) 44 (71.0) 0.4 29 (64.4) 42 (67.7) 0.7 14 (31.1) 13 (21.0) 0.2 14 (31.1) 21 (33.9) 0.8 10 (22.2) 10 (16.1) 0.4
Indian 23 (48.9) 29 (49.2) 0.98 19 (40.4) 17 (29.3) 0.2 14 (29.8) 9 (15.3) 0.1 5 (10.6) 12 (21.1) 0.2 5 (10.6) 8 (13.6) 0.6
White 45 (84.9) 43 (86.0) 0.9 40 (75.5) 40 (80.0) 0.6 28 (52.8) 17 (34.0) 0.1 17 (32.7) 21 (43.8) 0.3 11 (20.8) 14 (28.0) 0.4
Repeated Grade in School                
Never repeated 148 (74.4) 250 (71.0) 0.4 134 (67.3) 219 (62.6) 0.3 57 (28.6) 64 (18.3) 0.0049 52 (26.3) 109 (31.6) 0.2 48 (24.1) 69 (19.6) 0.2
Repeated 126 (81.8) 104 (88.9) 0.1 110 (71.4) 89 (76.1) 0.4 69 (44.8) 38 (32.8) 0.0451 48 (31.4) 56 (48.7) 0.0040 36 (23.4) 41 (35.3) 0.0311
Parents Alive                
Both parents alive 179 (75.2) 221 (71.3) 0.3 160 (67.2) 192 (62.1) 0.2 82 (34.5) 62 (20.1) 0.0002 64 (27.1) 105 (34.2) 0.1 48 (20.2) 65 (21.0) 0.8
Single parent alive 78 (81.3) 112 (83.6) 0.6 71 (74.0) 98 (73.1) 0.9 36 (37.5) 31 (23.5) 0.0218 29 (30.2) 50 (39.1) 0.2 27 (28.1) 39 (29.3) 0.8
None alive 17 (89.5) 21 (84.0) 0.6 13 (68.4) 18 (75.0) 0.6 8 (42.1) 9 (36.0) 0.7 7 (36.8) 10 (40.0) 0.8 9 (47.4) 6 (24.0) 0.1
Parents Marital Status                
Married 112 (72.7) 131 (67.5) 0.3 103 (66.9) 109 (56.5) 0.0482 56 (36.4) 36 (18.7) 0.0002 39 (25.7) 59 (30.9) 0.3 32 (20.8) 41 (21.1) 0.9
Single 71 (88.8) 111 (83.5) 0.3 63 (78.8) 98 (73.7) 0.4 30 (37.5) 27 (20.5) 0.0067 24 (30.0) 47 (35.6) 0.4 18 (22.5) 38 (28.6) 0.3
Other 52 (76.5) 76 (79.2) 0.7 44 (64.7) 70 (73.7) 0.2 21 (30.9) 27 (28.1) 0.7 23 (33.8) 43 (45.7) 0.1 16 (23.5) 19 (19.8) 0.6
Household Head                
Female 149 (81.4) 211 (79.9) 0.7 130 (71.0) 187 (71.1) 0.98 70 (38.3) 64 (24.4) 0.0018 55 (30.1) 100 (38.8) 0.1 45 (24.6) 76 (28.9) 0.3
Male 124 (73.4) 142 (69.6) 0.4 113 (66.9) 120 (59.1) 0.1 56 (33.1) 37 (18.2) 0.0009 44 (26.3) 65 (32.3) 0.2 38 (22.5) 33 (16.2) 0.1
Parents Educational Level                
Primary School 85 (76.6) 138 (79.8) 0.5 73 (65.8) 119 (68.8) 0.6 41 (36.9) 42 (24.3) 0.0221 29 (26.4) 73 (42.9) 0.0049 19 (17.1) 49 (28.3) 0.0308
Up to Secondary School 156 (78.8) 177 (74.4) 0.3 143 (72.2) 155 (65.7) 0.1 70 (35.4) 50 (21.2) 0.0010 61 (31.0) 77 (32.9) 0.7 56 (28.3) 52 (21.9) 0.1
Post-school training 33 (75.0) 39 (67.2) 0.4 28 (63.6) 34 (58.6) 0.6 15 (34.1) 10 (17.5) 0.1 10 (22.7) 15 (26.8) 0.6 9 (20.5) 9 (15.5) 0.5
Sexually Active                
Yes 165 (82.9) 145 (85.3) 0.5 151 (75.9) 122 (72.2) 0.4 71 (35.7) 56 (32.9) 0.6 64 (32.3) 73 (43.2) 0.0318 46 (23.1) 49 (28.8) 0.2
No 109 (70.8) 209 (69.9) 0.8 93 (60.4) 186 (62.4) 0.7 55 (35.7) 46 (15.5) <.0001 36 (23.5) 92 (31.6) 0.1 38 (24.7) 61 (20.5) 0.3
Number of sexual partners                
None or one 140 (72.5) 269 (72.5) 0.99 120 (62.2) 236 (63.8) 0.7 65 (33.7) 71 (19.3) 0.0002 44 (23.0) 127 (35.1) 0.0036 43 (22.3) 79 (21.4) 0.8
More than one 134 (83.8) 85 (86.7) 0.5 124 (77.5) 72 (74.2) 0.5 61 (38.1) 31 (31.6) 0.3 56 (35.0) 38 (38.8) 0.5 41 (25.6) 31 (31.6) 0.3
Ever had alcohol                
Yes 218 (82.3) 237 (86.2) 0.2 200 (75.5) 204 (74.5) 0.8 106 (40.0) 80 (29.2) 0.0084 84 (31.8) 129 (47.4) 0.0002 66 (24.9) 82 (29.8) 0.2
No 56 (63.6) 116 (60.1) 0.6 44 (50.0) 104 (54.2) 0.5 20 (22.7) 22 (11.5) 0.0150 16 (18.4) 36 (19.3) 0.9 18 (20.5) 28 (14.6) 0.2
Had alcohol in the past 6 months                
Yes 193 (86.2) 184 (88.9) 0.4 180 (80.4) 159 (77.2) 0.4 89 (39.7) 67 (32.5) 0.1 71 (31.7) 100 (48.8) 0.0003 59 (26.3) 69 (33.3) 0.1
No 81 (62.8) 168 (64.6) 0.7 64 (49.6) 148 (57.1) 0.2 37 (28.7) 35 (13.6) 0.0003 29 (22.8) 65 (25.7) 0.5 25 (19.4) 40 (15.4) 0.3
Ever had drugs                
Yes 90 (82.6) 53 (91.4) 0.1 83 (76.1) 44 (77.2) 0.9 50 (45.9) 23 (41.1) 0.6 41 (37.6) 28 (49.1) 0.2 27 (24.8) 20 (35.1) 0.2
No 184 (75.4) 298 (73.0) 0.5 161 (66.0) 262 (64.4) 0.7 76 (31.1) 77 (18.9) 0.0004 59 (24.4) 137 (34.3) 0.0085 57 (23.4) 89 (21.8) 0.6
Had drugs in the past 6 months                
Yes 64 (80.0) 26 (89.7) 0.2 58 (72.5) 20 (71.4) 0.9 33 (41.3) 12 (42.9) 0.9 25 (31.3) 15 (53.6) 0.0353 20 (25.0) 10 (35.7) 0.3
No 209 (76.8) 325 (74.4) 0.5 186 (68.4) 286 (65.6) 0.4 93 (34.2) 89 (20.5) <0.0001 74 (27.4) 150 (35.0) 0.0371 64 (23.5) 100 (22.9) 0.8