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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics versus VCT uptake (n = 400)

From: Factors influencing the uptake of Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing among secondary school students in Arusha City, Tanzania: a cross sectional study

Variable Total HIV test status OR (95% CI) p-value for the tested
Tested Not tested
No.(%) No.(%)
Sex:      
  Male 202 49 (24.3) 153 (75.7)   
  Female 198 73 (36.9) 125 (63.1) 1.8 (1.2-2.8) 0.006
Age (years):      
  Younger than 18 299 73 (24.4) 226 (75.6)   
  18 or older 101 49 (48.5) 52 (51.5) 2.9 (1.8-4.7) <0.001
Current form of study:      
  O’level (Form I-IV) 355 98 (27.6) 257 (72.4)   
  A’level (Form V-VI) 45 24 (53.3) 21 (46.7) 3.0 (1.6-5.6) <0.001
Religion:      
  Christian 331 93 (28.1) 238 (71.9)   
  Muslim + Other (non- Christian) 69 27 (41.5) 40 (58.0) 1.9 (1.1-3.2) 0.022
Type of school      
  Day (single + mixed sex) 272 80 (29.4) 192 (70.6)   
  Boarding (single + mixed sex) 128 42 (32.8) 86 (67.2) 1.2 (0.7-1.8) 0.491
Ownership of school:      
  Government 186 45 (24.2) 141 (75.8)   
  Private 214 77 (36.0) 137 (64.0) 1.8 (1.1-2.7) 0.011
Sexual practice (n = 374)      
  No 301 88 (29.2) 213 (70.8)   
  Yes 73 27 (37.2) 46 (62.8) 1.4 (0.9-2.4) 0.168
Discussed with a sexual partner about HIV testing (n = 89)      
  No 49 10 (20.4) 39 (79.6)   
  Yes 40 18 (45.0) 22 (55.0) 3.2 (1.3-8.1) 0.013
Visited VCT centre      
(n = 398)
  No 289 63 (21.8) 226 (78.2)   
  Yes 109 59 (54.1) 50 (45.9) 4.2 (2.6-6.8) <0.001