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Table 3 Association between household food security and completion of services in the PMTCT cascade and MTCT, Zimbabwe, 2012

From: Food insecurity is a barrier to prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional study

Household food security status All women: completion of key PMTCT servicesa HIV-infected women: MTCTb
Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
PR 95% CI PR 95% CI PR 95% CI PR 95% CI
Food secure 1 --- 1 --- 1 --- 1 ---
Moderate food insecurity 0.91 (0.86, 0.96)** 0.95 (0.90, 1.01) 0.75 (0.46, 1.24) 0.68 (0.43, 1.08)
Severe food insecurity 0.78 (0.70, 0.86)** 0.86 (0.79, 0.94)** 1.62 (1.04, 2.52)* 1.42 (0.89, 2.26)
  1. PR: prevalence ratio; CI: confidence interval.
  2. P-value: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.
  3. aRegression model of a weighted sample of 8,655 women. Outcome: combined variable indicating at least 4 ANC visits, tested for HIV infection or already knew HIV-positive serostatus, delivered infant in a health facility, attended the postnatal visit, and among HIV-infected women, report of maternal and infant ART or ARV prophylaxis and receipt of infant co-trimoxazole prophylaxis. Adjusted model includes province, maternal age, whether the woman has a husband or regular partner, education, tribe, religion, household size, building material of the best structure, an asset index created using principal component analysis, and whether the infant was alive at the time of the survey.
  4. bRegression model of a weighted sample of 1,058 HIV-infected women who had infants with HIV test results. Adjusted model includes province, maternal age, whether the woman has a husband or regular partner, education, tribe, religion, household size, building material of the best structure, an asset index created using principal component analysis, and whether the infant was alive at the time of the survey.