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Table 1 Characteristics of studies conducted from 1993 to 2014 on the health status of people who have experienced detention in Canada, N = 194

From: Research on the health of people who experience detention or incarceration in Canada: a scoping review

Characteristic Number (%) of studies
Geographic location Alberta 2 (1.0)
British Columbia 29 (14.9)
Manitoba 3 (1.5)
New Brunswick 1 (0.5)
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 (0.5)
Nova Scotia 1 (0.5)
Ontario 44 (22.7)
Quebec 17 (8.8)
Saskatchewan 3 (1.5)
multiple provinces 75 (38.7)
not specified 18 (9.3)
Conducted in federal or provincial facilities federal 121 (62.4)
provincial 48 (24.7)
both 20 (10.3)
not specified 5 (2.6)
Population included persons in correctional facilities 183 (94.3)
persons after release 6 (0.03)
both 5 (0.03)
Period of data collection while in correctional facilities only 182 (93.8)
prior to admission to or subsequent to release from correctional facilities 6 (3.1)
both 6 (3.1)
Participant gender male 86 (44.3)
female 3 (1.5)
both 67 (34.5)
not specified 10 (5.2)
Participant age group adults 162 (83.5)
youth 24 (12.4)
both 6 (3.1)
not specified 2 (1.0)
Study design* intervention 15 (7.7)
 randomized trial 2 (1.0)
 controlled before-after study 4 (2.1)
 before-after study 7 (3.6)
 cross-sectional 2 (1.0)
longitudinal 40 (20.6)
cross-sectional 139 (71.6)
  1. *For included data.