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Table 4 Nutrient adequacy ratios of nutrients and mean adequacy ratio of the nutrients of 24–59 month old children derived from repeated 24-hour recalls in the dry and rainy seasons

From: Effects of agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rain on dietary adequacy and household food security in rural areas of Kenya

  Dry season Rainy season
Nutrient Akithii Uringu Akithii Uringu
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
NAR   NAR   NAR   NAR  
Energy 36.2 21.10 39.5 16.1 40.9*** 20.42 44.5*** 17.48
Protein 41.5 21.62 44.4 19.77 48.7*** 26.61 52.0*** 24.02
Vitamin A 66.2*** 39.83 73.5*** 34.14 44.8 39.14 61.5 33.70
Vitamin B6 67.1 30.72 85.8 20.23 71.0 30.25 85.5 21.36
Vitamin B12 15.4 26.01 21.9 26.65 18.4 23.41 25.7 28.31
Vitamin C 66.4** 38.81 89.4* 24.35 55.0 41.60 81.9 31.94
Niacin 43.7 25.52 60.0 26.71 46.8 28.42 57.80 25.65
Riboflavin 45.0 26.84 54.7 23.92 50.4* 26.50 58.4 24.54
Thiamin 77.7 24.25 84.0 21.43 80.7 23.93 87.4 18.73
Folate 74.4 30.96 85.0 22.08 85.4*** 23.71 92.3*** 17.42
Iron 67.0 29.88 77.4 23.59 72.0* 29.50 83.0*** 20.13
Calcium 28.1 20.73 36.8 22.25 29.2 23.60 36.5 22.93
Zinc 57.5 27.46 67.1 24.04 65.1** 27.62 71.8* 22.66
MAR ## 55.3 23.65 66.8 17.19 56.3 23.23 67.4 17.76
  1. Significance of t-tests: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001 between the two seasons; ##MAR=Mean adequacy ratio.