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Table 3 Micronutrient intakes of 24–59 month old children derived from repeated 24-hour recalls in the dry and rainy seasons of the two areas studied

From: Effects of agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rain on dietary adequacy and household food security in rural areas of Kenya

  Dry season Rainy season Combined seasons  
Nutrient Akithii Uringu Akithii Uringu Akithii Uringu FAO RNI
  Mean SD Mean SD Meana SD Meana SD Mean SD Meanb SD  
Calcium (mg) 146 108 196 137 155* 134 200* 154 151 122 199*** 145 500-600
Iron (mg) 4.6 2.76 5.4 2.79 5.5** 3.68 6.3** 3.52 5.1 3.27 5.9* 3.19 6.0
Zinc (mg) 2.6 1.51 3.1 1.81 3.1* 1.71 3.5* 1.89 2.9 1.63 3.3** 1.86 4.1-6.1
Vitamin A (ug) 581* 577 587* 532 288 399 398 517 435 517 496** 533 400-450
Vitamin C (mg) 38 38.6 62* 51.1 34 41.3 57 47.4 36 40 60*** 49.3 30
Folate (ug) 187 227.4 213 184.3 258** 181.9 261** 150.8 222 208.8 236 170 160-200
Thiamin (mg) 0.5 0.56 0.6 0.46 0.6 0.36 0.6 0.30 0.6 0.47 0.6 0.38 0.5-0.6
Riboflavin (mg) 0.3 0.57 0.3 0.48 0.3 0.27 0.3 0.22 0.3 0.45 0.3* 0.38 0.5-0.6
Niacin (mg) 3.3 5.31 4.6 5.37 3.2 2.79 4.2 3.35 3.2 4.24 4.4*** 4.51 6-8
Vitamin 6 (mg) 0.5 0.40 0.6 0.41 0.5 0.36 0.6 0.39 0.5 0.38 0.6*** 0.41 0.5-0.6
Vitamin B12 (ug) 0.2 0.81 0.2 0.33 0.2 0.29 0.3 0.41 0.2 0.61 0.3*** 0.37 0.9-1.2
  1. aSignificant difference between mean values using t-test: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001 between the dry and rainy seasons; bbetween the two areas; RNI = recommended nutrient intakes.