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Table 2 Macronutrient intakes of 24–59 month old children derived from repeated 24-hour recalls in the dry and rainy seasons of the two areas studied

From: Effects of agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rain on dietary adequacy and household food security in rural areas of Kenya

  Dry season Rainy season Both combined  
Nutrient Akithiia Uringua Akithii Uringu Akithiib Uringub FAO RNI
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Energy-(kJ) 3392 2069 3684 1599 3808*** 1914 4149*** 1673 3599 2002 3908** 1650 4276-5656
Carbohydrate (g) 127 67 134 55 149*** 74 153*** 60 138 71 143 58 -
Added sugar (g) 5.2 15.76 6.0 14.43 7.8** 14.54 12.3** 24.12 6.5 15.21 9.1* 19.93 -
Total protein (g) 20.6 12.33 22.3 11.98 23.9** 13.10 25.5** 11.78 22.2 12.81 23.8* 11.98 14-22.2
Animal protein (g) 1.4 3.11 2.1* 3.47 1.6 2.40 2.7* 4.35 1.5 2.78 2.4*** 10.37 -
Vegetable protein (g) 19.1 11.51 18.7 10.47 21.9** 12.33 22.5*** 9.92 20.5 11.99 20.5 10.37 -
Total fat (g) 17.5 22.95 21.1 17.86 15.9 15.51 22.1 18.39 16.7 19.60 21.6*** 18.10 -
Poly-unsaturated fat (g) 4.9 5.90 6.6 6.37 4.1 4.14 6.2 6.40 4.5 5.11 6.4*** 6.03 -
Saturated fat (g) 4.1 5.45 4.9 4.57 5.7* 9.36 5.7* 5.64 4.9 7.69 5.3 5.53 -
Fiber (g) 13.7 7.68 15.7 7.39 16.9*** 9.83 17.8*** 7.97 15.3 8.95 16.7*** 7.74 19-25
  1. aSignificant difference between mean values using t-test: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001 between the dry and rainy seasons; bbetween the two areas; RNI = recommended nutrient intakes.