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Table 1 Selected demographic and social characteristics of prostate cancer cases and controls

From: The feasibility of epidemiological research on prostate cancer in African men in Ibadan, Nigeria

Characteristics Cases (n = 50) Controls (n = 50) P OR* 95% CI
n % n %
Age at interview (years)      0.99   
    45 - 59 5 10.0 5 10.0   
    60 - 69 20 40.0 20 40.0   
    70 - 80 25 50.0 25 50.0   
Ethnic background      0.14    
    Yoruba 44 88.0 48 96.0   1.00 -  
    Other† 6 12.0 2 4.0   3.42 0.63 18.62
First-degree relative with prostate cancer‡      0.046    
    No 42 84.0 48 96.0   1.00 -  
    Yes 8 16.0 2 4.0   4.87 0.96 24.76
Marital status      0.15    
    Married 50 100.0 48 96.0     
    Separated/Divorced -   2 4.0     
Nr of biological childrenξ mean sd 7.16 3.38 6.26 3.03 0.16 1.10ξ 0.96 1.26
Religion/Faith      0.53    
    Christian 30 60.0 33 66.0   1.00 -  
    Muslim 19 38.0 17 34.0   1.26 0.55 2.91
    Traditional 1 2.0 -      
Education      0.26    
    None or <4 yrs 7 14.0 8 16.0   1.00 -  
    4-18 yrs 27 54.0 19 38.0   1.63 0.50 5.31
    College degree/Graduate 16 32.0 23 46.0   0.80 0.24 2.69
Employment status      0.14    
    Currently employed 13 26.0 20 40.0   1.00   
    Retired 37 74.0 30 60.0   2.03 0.82 5.03
Primary occupation      0.43    
    Professional 11 22.0 15 30.0   1.00 -  
    Managerial, technical or administrative 14 28.0 15 30.0   1.27 0.44 3.70
    Operator, fabricator or laborer 16 32.0 8 16.0   2.73 0.86 8.65
    Artisan 5 10.0 6 12.0   1.13 0.27 4.73
    Farmer 4 8.0 6 12.0   0.91 0.21 4.01
Income (Nigerian Naira)      0.67    
    <20,000 19 38.0 15 30.0   1.00 -  
    20,000-50,000 18 36.0 19 38.0   0.75 0.29 1.90
    >50,000 13 26.0 16 32.0   0.64 0.24 1.75
  1. *OR and 95% CI were estimated from logistic regression models adjusted for age; OR = 1.00 refers to the reference category.
  2. Other ethnicities include Benin, Ebira, Edo, Hausa, Ibo, Ibibio, Ofemai.
  3. First-degree relative includes father, brother(s) or son(s).
  4. ξOR and 95% CI are expressed per one unit increase (number of biological children).