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Table 2 The profile of MetS components in men aged 20 to 44 of different high density lipoprotein group at baseline (n = 1 356)

From: Association of high-density lipoprotein with development of metabolic syndrome components: a five-year follow-up in adults

Variable High-normal HDL (n = 272) Normal HDL (n = 975) Low HDL (n = 109)
Baseline Follow-up P-value Baseline Follow-up P-value Baseline Follow-up P-value
HDL (mmol/L) 1.75 ± 0.20 1.46 ± 0.30 <0.0001 1.27 ± 0.13 1.22 ± 0.24 <0.0001 0.98 ± 0.08 1.12 ± 0.21 <0.0001
SBP (mmHg) 110.18 ± 9.38 116.44 ± 11.63 <0.0001 110.76 ± 8.81 117.82 ± 12.11 <0.0001 110.50 ± 8.09 121.48 ± 13.67 <0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 72.62 ± 6.48 71.65 ± 8.95 0.0824 72.91 ± 6.50 72.67 ± 9.07 0.4203 72.63 ± 6.05 74.37 ± 10.86 0.0836
TG (mmol/L) 0.89 ± 0.31 1.19 ± 0.77 <0.0001 1.00 ± 0.34 1.35 ± 0.76 <0.0001 1.12 ± 0.38 1.61 ± 0.86 <0.0001
FPG (mmol/L) 4.86 ± 0.47 5.01 ± 0.42 <0.0001 4.87 ± 0.40 5.10 ± 0.48 <0.0001 4.78 ± 0.49 5.16 ± 0.64 <0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.19 ± 2.59 23.29 ± 2.93 <0.0001 23.44 ± 2.46 24.39 ± 2.66 <0.0001 24.07 ± 2.43 25.38 ± 2.65 <0.0001
  1. HDL high density lipoprotein, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TG triglycerides, FPG fasting plasma glucose.
  2. BMI body mass index. P-value is based on paired t-test.