Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic factors and risk behaviours of ever-testers and never-testers

From: A cross-sectional study of low HIV testing frequency and high-risk behaviour among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Lima, Peru

Characteristic   Overall Ever-testers (%) Never-testers (%) P-value Prevalence ratio (95% CI) ŦAdjusted prevalence ratio (95% CI)
Total   718 559 (79.6) 143 (20.4) - - -
Age (years)        
  Median (interquartile range) 29 (23–35) 29 (24–36) 26 (21–32) <0.01 1.01 (1.004-1.020) 1.00 (1.003-1.010)
Marital status        
  Married/Cohabitating 26 (3.62) 21 (3.76) 5 (3.50) 0.78
  Divorced/Separated 15 (2.09) 13 (2.33) 2 (1.40)  
  Single 677 (94.3) 525 (93.9) 136 (95.1)  
Sexual identity        
  Gay/Homosexual 465 (64.8) 345 (61.7) 110 (76.9) <0.01 ref
  Transgender 208 (29.0) 180 (32.2) 22 (15.4)   1.18 (1.09-1.26) 1.11 (1.03-1.20)
  Heterosexual/Bisexual 45 (6.27) 34 (6.08) 11 (7.69)   1.00 (0.84-1.19) 1.00 (0.85-1.18)
Education        
  ≤ High School 514 (71.6) 392 (70.1) 108 (75.5) 0.20 ref
  > High School 204 (28.4) 167 (29.9) 35 (24.5)   1.05 (0.98-1.14)
Prior STI diagnosis by a healthcare worker       
  Yes 221 (30.8) 195 (34.9) 21 (14.7) <0.01 1.23 (1.13-1.33) 1.15 (1.07-1.24)
  No 497 (69.2) 364 (65.1) 122 (85.3)   ref
Number of sexual partners in the past 6 months       
  Median (interquartile range) 4 (2–15) 5 (2–20) 3 (2–7) <0.01 0.99 (0.99-1.00)
Newly HIV-positive       
  Yes 82 (11.4) 61 (10.9) 18 (12.3) 0.57
  No 636 (88.6) 498 (89.1) 125 (87.4)  
Positive RPR        
  Yes 170 (23.7) 144 (26.0) 24 (17.1) <0.05 1.10 (1.02-1.19) 0.99 (0.91-1.07)
  No 548 (76.3) 410 (74.0) 116 (82.9)   ref
Problem drinking       
  Yes 415 (57.8) 334 (59.8) 70 (49.0) <0.05 1.09 (1.01-1.18) 1.05 (0.97-1.13)
  No 303 (42.4) 225 (40.3) 73 (51.1)   ref
Sexual role in prior 6 months       
  Receptive 440 (61.3) 341 (61.2) 88 (62.0) 0.44
  Insertive 214 (29.8) 173 (31.1) 38 (26.8)  
  Both 31 (4.32) 21 (3.77) 9 (6.34)  
  Neither 30 (4.18) 22 (3.95) 7 (4.93)  
Transactional sex       
  Yes 394 (54.9) 332 (59.4) 50 (35.0) <0.01 1.23 (1.13-1.33) 1.16 (1.07-1.27)
  No 324 (45.1) 226 (40.4) 93 (65.0)  
Engaged in unprotected intercourse in past 6 months       
  Yes 443 (61.7) 347 (62.1) 86 (60.1) 0.67 1.02 (0.94-1.10)
  No 275 (38.3) 212 (37.9) 57 (39.9)   ref
Engaged in unprotected insertive anal intercourse in past 6 months       
  Yes 131 (18.2) 97 (17.4) 32 (22.4) 0.17 0.93 (0.84-1.04)
  No 587 (81.8) 462 (82.7) 111 (77.6)   ref
Engaged in unprotected receptive anal intercourse in past 6 months       
  Yes 469 (65.3) 369 (66.0) 87 (60.8) 0.25 1.05 (0.97-1.14)
  No 249 (34.7) 190 (34.0) 56 (39.2)   ref
  1. ŦAdjusted for age, sexual identity, prior STI diagnosis by a healthcare worker, positive RPR, problem drinking and transactional sex. Numbers in bold have p-value <0.05.