Skip to main content

Table 2 Utilization of healthcare services and parental work absence

From: The association between physical activity and healthcare costs in children – results from the GINIplus and LISAplus cohort studies

Healthcare service components Analyzed population (N = 3356)   Bivariate analysis
  Subjects using resources Mean frequency of utilization (if used) SD MVPA (h/week) and costs1
  N % N   
Physician visits (total) 2849 84.89 4.36 4.13 z = 0.04, p = 0.97 (WT)
Pediatrician 1885 56.17 2.60 2.45  
General practitioner 857 25.54 2.23 1.61  
Ophthalmologist 997 29.71 1.36 0.9  
Orthopaedist 501 14.93 1.69 1.24  
Ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) 389 11.59 1.94 1.73  
Dermatologist 406 12.10 1.98 2.19  
Pulmonologist 99 2.95 2.86 3.47  
Other specialist 337 10.04 2.99 4.38  
Emergency doctor 450 13.41 1.25 0.69  
Therapist visits (total) 842 25.09 13.95 20.35 z = −0.12, p = 0.90 (WT)
Alternative practitioner 204 6.08 4.10 10.81  
Physiotherapist 182 5.42 14.68 16.94  
Speech therapist 132 3.93 16.59 13.92  
Psychotherapist 181 5.39 12.59 15.34  
Occupational therapist 94 2.80 21.00 16.95  
Homeopath 194 5.78 2.94 2.56  
Other therapist 97 2.89 12.64 17.91  
Hospital (days) 181 5.39 6.15 14.97 z = −0.89, p = 0.37 (WT)
Inpatient rehabilitation (days) 47 1.40 22.09 26.59 z = 0.18, p = 0.86 (WT)
Parental work absence (days) 836 32.84* 3.89 4.14 z = 1.11, p = 0.27 (WT)
  1. Abbreviations: h: hours; N: number of observations; %: percentage; SD: standard deviation; WT: Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test; *of those who are employed: N = 2744 (not employed: N = 876).
  2. 1Bivariate analysis of the variable MVPA and the costs of each healthcare service component.
  3. Results for Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test of MVPA and total direct costs: z = −0,25, p = 0.80.