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Table 1 Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) contacts to whom local health authority (LHA) would recommend antibiotic post-exposure chemoprophylaxis (PEP)

From: Public health management of invasive meningococcal disease in Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 2012: adherence to guidance and estimation of resources required as determined in a survey of local health authorities

Contact category No. LHAs that advised PEP Total %
Household All household members 34 34 100
Kindergarten/preschool All children in the facility 10 34 29
Only the group of index case 23 33 70
Teacher of the index case 31 32 97
School Only pupils sitting in neighbouring seat 17 32 53
Class of the index case 15 32 47
Teacher of the index case 17 32 53
Students’ residence or similar (e.g. barracks, hotels) All residents 1 34 3
Only residents on the same floor 13 34 38
Only residents in the same room 20 34 59
Travellers* Contact with oropharyngeal secretions of index case 33 33 100
Sitting in proximity to index case 31 32 97
Contact longer than a specified time** 9 30 30
Healthcare workers Any contact with index case 11 34 32
Only if contact with oropharyngeal secretions of index case 22 34 65
  1. Survey of 34 Local Health Authorities (LHA), Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 2013.
  2. *Travellers = person travelled in the same airplane, train or bus as the index case.
  3. **Time interval specified between one and eight hours.