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Table 4 Associations between demographics, clusters of risk behaviours and depressive symptomsa

From: Depressive symptoms and clustering of risk behaviours among adolescents and young adults attending vocational education: a cross-sectional study

  Substance useb Problem behavioursb Depressive symptomsb
  Beta coefficient (95% CI) Beta coefficient (95% CI) Beta coefficient (95% CI)
  N = 432 N = 432 N = 534
Age 0.04 (−0.02 – 0.09) 0.11 (0.05 – 0.16) 0.20 (−0.19 – 0.60)
Gender (ref. = boys) −0.10 (−0.33 – 0.10) −0.16 (−0.34 – 0.01) 3.56 (2.18 – 5.15)
Ethnicity (ref. = Dutch) −0.51 (−0.72 – -0.29) 0.31 (0.11 – 0.53) 1.34 (−0.55 – 3.25)
Being a parent (ref. = No) 0.14 (−0.26 – 0.61) 0.56 (0.19 – 0.95) −1.10 (−3.84 – 2.51)
  1. Note: Bold numbers indicate significant results at P < .05.
  2. a Linear regression analyses using a bootstrapping method.
  3. b Age, gender, ethnicity and being a parent are included at the same time.