Skip to main content

Table 2 Projected additional diarrhoeal deaths prevented (2030)

From: Reducing diarrhoea deaths in South Africa: costs and effects of scaling up essential interventions to prevent and treat diarrhoea in under-five children

Interventions Deaths averted
  Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3
Hand washing with soap 243 (10%) 422 (11%) 1 286 (25%)
Breastfeeding 214 (9%) 370 (10%) 1 034 (20%)
Access to safe water* 656 (28%) 1 100 (29%) 818 (16%)
ORS - oral rehydration solution 557 (24%) 704 (19%) 518 (10%)
Hygienic disposal of children's stools 101 (4%) 176 (5%) 382 (8%)
Improved sanitation - Utilization of latrines or toilets 229 (10%) 488 (13%) 363 (7%)
Vitamin A supplementation 87 (4%) 150 (4%) 286 (6%)
Zinc - for treatment of diarrhea 78 (3%) 97 (3%) 130 (3%)
Rotavirus 59 (3%) 103 (3%) 135 (3%)
Therapeutic feeding - for severe wasting 57 (2%) 70 (2%) 70 (1%)
Treatment for moderate acute malnutrition 9 (0.4%) 12 (0.3%) 20 (0.4%)
Antibiotics - for treatment of dysentery 47 (2%) 56 (1%) 17 (0.3%)
Total 2 337 (100%) 3 748 (100%) 5 059 (100%)
  1. *Access to safe water includes both an improved water source and a water connection in the home.